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Astronomy / Space - Physics - 18.01.2024
Moon rocks with unique dust found
Moon rocks with unique dust found
A research team from the University of Münster has discovered for the first time meter-sized rocks on the surface of the moon that are covered in dust and presumably have unique properties - magnetic anomalies, for example. The findings help to understand the processes that form and change the lunar crust.

Astronomy / Space - 29.11.2023
An astronomical waltz reveals a sextuplet of planets
An astronomical waltz reveals a sextuplet of planets
An international collaboration between astronomers using the CHEOPS and TESS space satellites, including NCCR PlanetS members from the University of Bern and the University of Geneva, have found a key new system of six transiting planets orbiting a bright star in a harmonic rhythm. This rare property enabled the team to determine the planetary orbits which initially appeared as an unsolvable riddle.

Astronomy / Space - Economics - 09.11.2023
Instrument from the University of Bern flies to the Moon
Instrument from the University of Bern flies to the Moon
Following the success of the Bern solar wind sail on the Apollo Moon missions of the U.S. space agency NASA in the 1960s, the Physics Institute at the University of Bern is to return to the Moon as early as 2027 with the LIMS mass spectrometer as part of the NASA Commercial Lunar Payoad A highly sensitive instrument for measurements on the lunar surface LIMS is a powerful instrument for the examination of a wide variety of samples which meets scientific lunar objectives.

Environment - Life Sciences - 08.11.2023
Poison dart frogs: Personality determines reproductive strategies
Poison dart frogs: Personality determines reproductive strategies
Unlike their relatives, individuals of the poison frog Allobates femoralis are not poisonous but are captivating due to their different behavioral profiles: They successfully reproduce with different strategies depending on whether they are bold, aggressive or explorative. In addition, certain character traits are already present in this species at the tadpole stage.

Pharmacology - Health - 24.10.2023
Treating the inflamed intestinal wall locally
Treatment of the chronic inflammatory bowel disease ulcerative colitis often produces unsatisfactory results. Researchers at the University of Bern have now developed a lipid gel that is administered directly to the inflamed part of the intestine, where it remains and releases its active substance evenly.

Environment - 13.10.2023
Sub-national data is crucial for global mountain biodiversity conservation
Sub-national data is crucial for global mountain biodiversity conservation
To assess biodiversity goals, reports are typically based on entire countries. Researchers from the Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment at the University of Bern and the University of Lausanne challenge this country-level analysis regarding conservation efforts for mountain biodiversity. They emphasize that significant sub-national differences are being overlooked and highlight the need for cross-country conservation initiatives.

Health - Life Sciences - 31.08.2023
How fungal infections cause blood poisoning
How fungal infections cause blood poisoning
Blood poisoning caused by a fungal infection is a severe, life-threatening condition. Researchers at the University of Bern have now discovered a mechanism that helps a yeast fungus to spread more easily within the body. The immune system, of all things, plays a major role in this process. These findings could open up new therapeutic avenues for blood poisoning caused by yeast, but also for other invasive fungal infections.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 11.08.2023
Could artificially dimming the sun prevent ice melt?
Could artificially dimming the sun prevent ice melt?
With methods of so-called geoengineering, the climate could theoretically be artificially influenced and cooled. Bernese researchers have now investigated whether it would be possible to prevent the melting of the West Antarctic ice sheet by artificially "dimming the sun". The results show that artificial influence does not work without decarbonization and entails high risks.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 10.08.2023
Substances from corn roots influence wheat yields
Corn roots secrete certain substances that affect the quality of the soil. In certain fields, this effect increases the yield of wheat planted after corn in the same soil by more than 4%. This has been demonstrated by researchers at the University of Bern. Although the findings from several field experiments show that such effects are highly variable, they could nevertheless contribute in the long term to making the cultivation of cereals more sustainable without additional fertilizers or pesticides.

Health - Pharmacology - 24.07.2023
Study provides new insights into antibodies and protection against corona infections
Study provides new insights into antibodies and protection against corona infections
Researchers at the University of Bern have studied antibody levels against Sars-CoV-2 and their influence on infections with different variants of the virus in employees of the Bern Cantonal Police for over a year. Among other things, the results show that antibody levels offered different levels of protection depending on the variant of the virus and that police officers did not become infected with Covid-19 more frequently than the rest of the population, even though they have very frequent contact with people.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 19.07.2023
How Humboldt founded climate research
How Humboldt founded climate research
Alexander von Humboldt was a pioneer of climate research. On his voyages to America (1799-1804) and Asia (1829), he conducted meteorological measurements that he used to develop a modern, holistic model of the Earth's climate.

Environment - Health - 04.07.2023
Global warming caused 60 percent of Swiss heat deaths in the summer of 2022
Global warming caused 60 percent of Swiss heat deaths in the summer of 2022
Climate change is intensifying heat, leading to a significant increase in heat-related health problems. About 60 percent of the more than 600 heat-related deaths in the summer of 2022 in Switzerland can be attributed to human-induced global warming. This is shown by a study led by the University of Bern.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 22.06.2023
Why the Aletsch Glacier Turns Off
Why the Aletsch Glacier Turns Off
On its way towards the valley, the Aletsch glacier abruptly changes its flow direction several times. Researchers at the Institute of Geology at the University of Bern have been able to show that these changes in direction are due to so-called fault zones. The research results also show that the Alpine valleys are strongly influenced by both climate change and tectonic conditions.

Astronomy / Space - 08.06.2023
Elusive planets play 'hide and seek' with CHEOPS
Elusive planets play ’hide and seek’ with CHEOPS
With the help of the CHEOPS space telescope an international team of European astronomers managed to clearly identify the existence of four new exoplanets. The four mini-Neptunes are smaller and cooler, and more difficult to find than the so-called Hot Jupiter exoplanets which have been found in abundance.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.05.2023
Mystery of important blood pressure drugs solved
Mystery of important blood pressure drugs solved
Diuretic drugs from the thiazide group have been used for 60 years to treat high blood pressure. But they also increase the risk of developing diabetes. Researchers at the University of Bern and Inselspital have now pinpointed the cause of this side effect and in the process also gained new insights into the development of diabetes.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 03.04.2023
Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation was more stable than thought
Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation was more stable than thought
A study by the University of Bern concludes that at the end of the last ice age there was not, as previously assumed, a complete collapse of the ocean circulation in the Atlantic, which provide a mild climate in Europe. This realization has implications for the discussion on climate tipping points. The climate does not change linearly.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 20.03.2023
First detection of neutrinos made at a particle collider
First detection of neutrinos made at a particle collider
A team including physicists of the University of Bern has for the first time detected subatomic particles called neutrinos created by a particle collider, namely at CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The discovery promises to deepen scientists- understanding of the nature of neutrinos, which are among the most abundant particles in the universe and key to the solution of the question why there is more matter than antimatter.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.03.2023
New targeting opportunities discovered against canine distemper virus
New targeting opportunities discovered against canine distemper virus
The highly contagious canine distemper virus is dangerous to dogs and wild life animals. It is also closely related to the equally highly contagious measles virus. Researchers at the University of Bern and the Zurich University of Applied Sciences have now for the first time determined the structure of the canine distemper virus "docking protein" and depicted it at molecular level.

Astronomy / Space - 09.03.2023
CHEOPS mission extended
CHEOPS mission extended
After more than three years in orbit, the mission of the CHEOPS space telescope has just been extended. Led by the University of Bern in collaboration with the University of Geneva, CHEOPS is a joint mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) and Switzerland. On March 7th, ESA-s Science Programme Committee has confirmed its continued operations to 2026 and an indicative extension to 2029, contingent upon ongoing commitments from national contributors and partners.

Life Sciences - Environment - 03.03.2023
Philopatry versus dispersal in highly social animals
Philopatry versus dispersal in highly social animals
In group-living species, either the male or female offspring disperse from their natal territory at some stage. Researchers from the University of Bern and the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, unveiled in African cichlids which factors determine territory inheritance and emigration. It is a widespread tradition in human agricultural populations that either sons or daughters inherit the parental property; the other gender must emigrate.
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