Results 41 - 60 of 593.

Administration - 23.07.2019
Latina mothers experienced jump in preterm births after 2016 election
Latina mothers experienced jump in preterm births after 2016 election
Latina mothers living in the United States experienced a significant jump in preterm births in the nine months following the Nov. 8, 2016, election, according to a study by researchers at UC Berkeley and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The analysis, based on U.S. government data on more than 33 million live births in the country, found an excess of 2,337 preterm births to U.S. Latina mothers, compared to projections about preterm birth rates.

Computer Science - Administration - 23.07.2019
Anonymising personal data ’not enough to protect privacy’, shows UCLouvain’s new study
Current methods for anonymising data leave individuals at risk of being re-identified , according to new research from University of Louvain (UCLouvain) and Imperial College London This research is published in Nature Communications Nature article: Luc Rocher , researcher at the mathematical engineering department of University of Louvain (UCLouvain) : mobile on request , luc&peri

Health - Administration - 18.07.2019
Salt rules linked to 9900 cases of cardiovascular disease and 1500 cancer cases
Salt rules linked to 9900 cases of cardiovascular disease and 1500 cancer cases
A relaxation of UK food industry regulation has been linked with 9,900 additional cases of cardiovascular disease, and 1,500 cases of stomach cancer. Researchers from Imperial College London and the University of Liverpool analysed the salt intake of the population in England over thirteen years to compare the effect of changes in regulations on how much salt manufacturers can use in their products.

Innovation - Administration - 04.07.2019
New approach to energy strategy accounts for uncertainty
EPFL scientists have developed a model that can help policymakers factor in uncertainty when they map out their energy strategies. Today such strategies are based largely on forecasts of fuelprices, technology costs and energy demand. However, these forecasts are often incorrect and can lead to flawed decisions.

Administration - 28.06.2019
U.S. foreign policy to restrict abortion funding results in more abortions
A foreign policy enacted by American presidents opposing abortion results in less funding for family planning and birth control, leading to more unwanted pregnancies. A U.S. foreign policy that cuts money to nongovernmental organizations performing or promoting abortions abroad has actually led to an increase in abortions, according to Stanford researchers who have conducted the most comprehensive academic study of the policy's impact.

Health - Administration - 06.06.2019
Its perfect match online
Its perfect match online
A new online matching service is set to revolutionise the way people with dementia and researchers connect, fast-tracking more effective and inclusive dementia research across Australia. Similar to popular dating apps, the StepUp for Dementia Research service will draw on characteristics such as age, location and diagnosis to match volunteers with researchers carrying out studies in dementia prevention, diagnosis, treatment, care and cure.

Administration - 29.04.2019
Sydney’s hidden housing problem
A new report released by the Sydney Policy Lab has found low income and vulnerable groups are being forced into informal and sometimes illegal housing arrangements, due to a lack of affordable alternatives. A new report released today by the Sydney Policy Lab at the University of Sydney has found low income and vulnerable groups are being forced into informal housing arrangements, such as share accommodation.

Administration - 25.04.2019
One in two Swiss people will have smoked weed by 2045
One in two Swiss people will have smoked weed by 2045
Three decades from now, nearly half of the Swiss population will have had some experience with cannabis use. According to a new study by the University of Zurich, the number of active users will rise as well, increasing by 50% compared to 2015 - unless the government establishes new regulations. Countries such as Canada and Uruguay have introduced new paradigms when it comes to regulating the sale and consumption of cannabis.

Administration - 11.04.2019
Devolving benefits could be positive for Welsh budget, according to report
Giving Wales the same powers over benefits as Scotland could boost the Welsh budget by £200m a year, according to new research from Cardiff University's Wales Governance Centre. The finding is revealed in a report which examines how Wales' finances could be affected if the Welsh Government was given the same control over welfare as the Scottish Government.

Administration - 02.04.2019
Politicians take credit for economic growth or reduced crime. A new study downplays their impact
Editor's note: This is one in a series of stories spotlighting how faculty, students and alumni at the Harris School of Public Policy are driving impact for the next generation. Leading up to the May 3 grand opening of the Harris's new home at the Keller Center, these stories will examine three of the most critical issues facing our world: strengthening democracy, fighting poverty and inequality, and combating climate change.

Administration - 25.03.2019
New perspectives in tax competition: the rise of tax havens in Switzerland
New perspectives in tax competition: the rise of tax havens in Switzerland
How do local tax havens emerge? Is tax competition harmful? Raphaël Parchet, Assistant professor at the Faculty of Economics of Università della Svizzera italiana, addresses these questions in his new project "Sorting, Tax Competition and the Rise of Local Tax Havens", funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), shedding new light on the logic behind the rise of tax havens in Switzerland.

Administration - Health - 20.03.2019
Child and adolescent anxiety could be linked to later alcohol problems
New research led by the University of Bristol has found some evidence that children and adolescents with higher levels of anxiety may be at greater risk of developing alcohol problems. However, the link between anxiety and later binge drinking and later frequency and quantity of drinking was more inconclusive.

Administration - 19.03.2019
Funding secured for fourth wave of the internationally-renowned NATSAL study
The National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles begins its fourth study on sexual health and well-being in Britain, led by researchers from UCL in collaboration with the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, the University of Glasgow and NatCen Social Research. The National Surveys of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal) are regarded as the world's largest, most detailed studies of sexual behaviour.

Administration - Economics / Business - 06.03.2019
Finds flaws in veterans' claims system
Finds flaws in veterans’ claims system
Stanford researchers examining the veterans' appeals process find that legal errors and due process mistakes while processing claims are much higher than publicly reported. A new study by Stanford scholars and their colleagues shines a stark spotlight on governance issues that have plagued a cornerstone of the nation's administrative system for years: rampant errors and a backlog of appeals cases involving veterans' benefits.

Administration - 06.02.2019
New welfare tool to help improve the lives of elephants in human care
PA27/19 Zoos and safari parks in the UK are using a special new tool to help them more successfully monitor the wellbeing of elephants in their care, thanks to a study led by The University of Nottingham. The new elephant behavioural welfare assessment tool, the result of research which has been published in the scientific journal PLOS ONE , allows keepers to quickly and easily track the welfare of individual elephants over time based on their demeanour and behaviour.

Health - Administration - 21.01.2019
Tragic death of six month old baby highlights need for policy overhaul regarding vitamin D supplementation
UK vitamin D supplementation policy needs to change to protect the health and lives of babies, pregnant women and dark skinned individuals, say University of Birmingham researchers as they today highlighted the death of a baby and serious ill health of two others due to a vitamin D deficiency. The death of six-month-old Noah Thahane, who died following complications of heart failure caused by severe Vitamin D deficiency, was entirely preventable, concluded Dr Wolfgang Högler and PhD doctoral researcher Dr Suma Uday in research published today in BMC Pediatrics.

Astronomy / Space Science - Administration - 09.01.2019
Canada’s CHIME telescope detects second repeating fast radio burst
A Canadian-led team of scientists has found the second repeating fast radio burst (FRB) ever recorded. FRBs are short bursts of radio waves coming from far outside our Milky Way galaxy. Scientists believe FRBs emanate from powerful astrophysical phenomena billions of light years away.

Health - Administration - 21.12.2018
Shows dementia care program delays nursing home admissions, cuts Medicare costs
Shows dementia care program delays nursing home admissions, cuts Medicare costs
New research shows that a comprehensive, coordinated care program for people with dementia and their caregivers significantly decreased the likelihood that the individuals would enter a nursing home. The study also shows that the program saved Medicare money and was cost-neutral after accounting for program costs.

Administration - 20.12.2018
Carrying Tasers increases police use of force
Carrying Tasers increases police use of force
Cambridge experiment with City of London police found that, while rarely deployed, just the presence of electroshock devices led to greater overall hostility in police-public interactions - an example of what researchers call the 'weapons effect'. The presence of Tasers appears to provoke a pattern where suspects become more aggressive toward officers, who in turn respond more forcefully Barak Ariel A new study has found that London police officers visibly armed with electroshock 'Taser' weapons used force 48% more often, and were more likely to be assaulted, than those on unarmed shifts.

Environment - Administration - 13.12.2018
Mounting evidence justifies EPA’s regulation of greenhouse gases
Sixteen prominent climate scientists argue that there is more reason than ever for the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate greenhouse gases, at the same time some politicians are pushing the EPA to reverse its 2009 decision to do so. In a paper appearing in the Dec.