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Results 141 - 160 of 173.


Media - Psychology - 24.10.2014
Media Effects Research Lab fosters new research on information processing
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. From the moment we wake up to the second we go to sleep, we're bombarded by media and technology. We read the news on our smartphones, play the latest apps on our tablets and catch up on the newest TV and movies on Hulu and Netflix. The way these different types of media affect us has become a hot topic of study.

Administration - Media - 28.07.2014
Contrary to image, city politicians do adapt to voters
Political scientists have long wondered whether city governments in the United States are really responsive to their voters. Aren't local governments simply mired in machine politics, or under the sway of local big-money interests? Does ideology matter? Now a uniquely comprehensive study co-authored by an MIT political scientist has produced a pair of distinctive findings: first, that the policies of city governments do closely match the politics of their citizens, and second, that this occurs regardless of the exact form of government than a city has.

Physics - Media - 06.05.2014
Report reveals 13 ‘disturbing’ nuclear near-misses
Press release issued: 6 May 2014 There have been at least 13 potentially catastrophic cases of near-use of nuclear weapons worldwide since 1962, according to a new report which warns that the risk of nuclear weapons being detonated is higher than previously thought. A report by Chatham House , home of the Royal Institute of International Affairs, found that the risks associated with nuclear weapons were not only a Cold War phenomena, but still exist today.

Media - 08.04.2014
University leads call for the protection and safety of journalists across the world
The Centre for Freedom of the Media (CFOM) at the University of Sheffield yesterday led a call for the increased safety and protection of journalists across the world. The following statement was issued at the Safety of Journalists Symposium at BBC Broadcasting House in London, co-hosted by BBC Global News and CFOM in cooperation with the BBC College of Journalism.

Media - Mathematics - 20.02.2013
Mathematical model 'describes' how online conflicts are resolved
Mathematical model 'describes' how online conflicts are resolved
Researchers have produced a mathematical model to describe how conflicting opinions are resolved over articles that appear on Wikipedia, the collaboratively-edited encyclopaedia. The study maps the evolution of opinion over time, showing that even widely diverging opinions eventually converge. The researchers say this pattern in collective human behaviour is reminiscent of the interaction of particles in physics, such as when wind-blown grains of sand eventually create sand dunes.

Social Sciences - Media - 30.01.2013
Why some immigrants get citizenship
Study: Country of origin a 'massive disadvantage' for some immigrants, regardless of qualifications. For immigrants, the path to citizenship in many countries is filled with hurdles: finding a job, learning the language, passing exams. But for some people, the biggest obstacle of all may be one they cannot help: their country of origin.

Media - 23.01.2013
Wikipedia inadvertently causing its own decline in participation
News Release University of Minnesota research finds that changes made by the Wikipedia community to manage quality have crippled the growth they were designed to manage MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (01/23/2013) —University of Minnesota computer science researchers studying Wikipedia have found that several changes the community made to manage the quality and consistency of submissions to the popular online encyclopedia are causing its decline in contributors.

Media - 26.11.2012
Scientists analyse millions of news articles
Scientists analyse millions of news articles
A study led by academics at the University of Bristol's Intelligent Systems Laboratory and the School of Journalism at Cardiff University has used Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms to analyse 2.5 million articles from 498 different English-language online news outlets over ten months. The researchers found that: As expected, readability measures show that online tabloid newspapers are more readable than broadsheets and use more sentimental language.

Media - 11.10.2012
Making Crowdsourcing More Reliable
From Wikipedia to relief efforts after natural disasters, crowdsourcing has become a powerful tool in today's connected world. Now an international team of researchers including a computer scientist at the University of California, San Diego, report they have found a way to make crowdsourcing more reliable.

Media - 25.09.2012
Know how much you’re texting while driving? U-M study says no
ANN ARBOR, Mich.-Texting while driving is a serious threat to public safety, but a new University of Michigan study suggests that we might not be aware of our actions. U-M researchers found that texting while driving is predicted by a person's level of "habit"-more so than how much someone texts. When people check their cell phones without thinking about it, the habit represents a type of automatic behavior, or automaticity, the researchers say.

Media - 27.08.2012
Researchers pursue a Citizens’ Agenda this federal election
University of Melbourne researchers will use the federal election to test the capacity of social media to increase civic engagement in the political process and enhance political journalism. The Citizens' Agenda project will be driven by the University's Centre for Advanced Journalism , in partnership with Fairfax Media and the social media group OurSay.

Media - Economics - 11.07.2012
Americans’ information needs not being met, study finds
Americans' lives are still grounded in the communities where they live and require a set of basic information to navigate daily life, despite the proliferation of technology that seems to shrink the world by the hour.

Media - 10.07.2012
Digital Journalism
Digital Journalism
Cutting-edge research focusing on the changing nature of journalism in the digital age is to be brought together in a new peer-reviewed journal launched by a Cardiff professor. Digital Journalism , founded and edited by Professor Bob Franklin of the School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies will provide a critical forum for discussion, analysis and responses to the shifts in journalism brought about by digital technology.

Economics - Media - 20.04.2012
Online-only news outlets 'struggle to find funding'
The first report to systematically assess how online-only news websites across Western Europe are faring has found that new start-ups are struggling to find business models that can cover their operating costs. It suggests that the funding environment is more challenging for new start-ups than for traditional media outlets that also have online content, because the latters' operations can be subsidised by revenues from offline businesses.

Media - Computer Science - 11.08.2011
University of Minnesota researchers reveal Wikipedia gender biases
University of Minnesota researchers reveal Wikipedia gender biases
Gender gap shows no sign of closing over the past five years MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (08/11/2011) —Computer science researchers in the University of Minnesota's College of Science and Engineering are leading a team that has confirmed a substantial gender gap among editors of Wikipedia and a corresponding gender-oriented disparity in the content.

Law - Media - 17.07.2011
Face value
Study shows that low-information voters are most likely to be swayed by candidates' appearances. CAMBRIDGE, Mass. The looks of political candidates are a key factor influencing voters, a phenomenon identified by a number of scholars in recent years. Now, a new study by MIT political scientists adds to this body of research by detailing which types of citizens are most influenced by candidate appearances, and why: The tendency is most prevalent among low-information voters who watch a lot of television.

Media - 06.06.2011
Anger motivates people to vote, U-M study shows
ANN ARBOR, Mich.—Though pundits and candidates suggest there is too much anger in politics, the emotion does have a potential benefit—it significantly motivates citizens to vote, according to a University of Michigan study. "Anger in politics can play a particularly vital role, motivating some people to participate in ways they might ordinarily not," said Nicholas Valentino, the study's lead author and a professor of communication studies and political science.

Media - 25.05.2011
Not all citizens' votes created equal
Not all citizens’ votes created equal
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. "One person, one vote" is often the rallying cry for democratic reform, suggesting everyone should get an equal say in their government. Yet in some of the oldest and largest democracies, some votes are worth far more than others by design. A Wyoming voter, for instance, is significantly over-represented compared with a California voter.

Media - History / Archeology - 10.05.2011
Witnesses to war: reporting conflict
The difficulties and dangers faced by journalists reporting conflict will be explored by a panel of war correspondents in an event for the Centre for Advanced Journalism at the University of Melbourne tomorrow, Wednesday 11 May. In addition to the dangers posed to journalists, the nature of conflicts has changed, said Dr Fay Anderson, historian and author of a recent book about the Australian experience of conflict reporting.

Media - 02.03.2011
U.S. bombing in Vietnam drove civilians to Viet Cong
U.S. bombing in Vietnam drove civilians to Viet Cong
For the first time, a study shows that the aerial bombing of Vietnamese civilians by U.S. and allied forces was an ineffective, wrongheaded strategy that drove neutral citizens into the arms of the Viet Cong. The study combines two sets of data to reconstruct the Vietnam War late in 1969 - a point at which U.S. forces appeared to have the upper hand in the conflict - to map where bombing occurred and then determine how territory was held or lost.