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Health - Administration - 13.08.2018
Rotavirus vaccine cuts Malawi's infant mortality
Rotavirus vaccine cuts Malawi’s infant mortality
Rotavirus vaccination reduced infant diarrhoea deaths by 34% in rural Malawi, a region with high levels of child deaths, according to a major new study led by UCL, the University of Liverpool, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and partners in Malawi. The study, published in The Lancet Global Health, provides the first population-level evidence from a low-income country that rotavirus vaccination saves lives and adds considerable weight to the World Health Organisation's (WHO) recommendation for rotavirus vaccine to be included in all national immunisation programmes.

Computer Science - Administration - 26.07.2018
Burns' works authenticated by new, minimally destructive scientific technique
Burns’ works authenticated by new, minimally destructive scientific technique
Authenticating historic manuscripts can be a complicated and at times destructive process, with parts of the paper or ink damaged. However, a cross-disciplinary team of researchers from the University of Glasgow have found a novel way to accurately authenticate ancient documents in a minimally destructive way.

Health - Administration - 25.07.2018
Glaucoma hope from turmeric eye drops
A derivative of turmeric could be used in eye drops to treat the early stages of glaucoma, a new study by Imperial and UCL researchers has found. In the new paper published in Scientific Reports, the researchers report a new method to deliver curcumin, extracted from the yellow spice turmeric, directly to the back of the eye using eye drops, overcoming the challenge of curcumin's poor solubility.

Health - Administration - 23.07.2018
Turmeric eye drops could treat glaucoma
A derivative of turmeric could be used in eye drops to treat the early stages of glaucoma, finds a new study led by UCL and Imperial College London researchers. In the new Scientific Reports paper, the researchers report a new method to deliver curcumin, extracted from the yellow spice turmeric, directly to the back of the eye using eye drops, overcoming the challenge of curcumin's poor solubility.

Health - Administration - 23.07.2018
Many health consumer groups fail to disclose industry sponsorship
University of Sydney experts call for greater transparency and independence by Australian health consumer groups, as new research reveals clouded disclosures about financial support and corporate sponsorship arrangements. Representing the interests of health consumers such as patients, their family and carers, health consumer organisations play an influential role in health care policy.

Environment - Administration - 19.07.2018
Workers’ rights should be at the heart of global sustainable development, says new report
Workers' rights should be at the heart of global sustainable development, says new report (17 July 2018) Workers' rights should be placed at the heart of global efforts to improve sustainable development, according to a new international study. The Unacceptable Forms of Work: Global Dialogue/Location Innovation report , led by Durham University, UK, came as the world's politicians met to review progress towards the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) .

Health - Administration - 17.07.2018
Depression during pregnancy rises in a generation
Anxiety and depressive symptoms during pregnancy have risen by 51 per cent within a generation according to findings from a major study by the University of Bristol published last week [Friday 13 July]. Using unique data from two generations who took part in Bristol's Children of the 90s longitudinal study, researchers examined responses to questions completed by the women during pregnancy to compare levels of depressive symptoms more than 20 years apart.

Health - Administration - 16.07.2018
New ways to target gambling harm identified
New ways to target gambling harm identified
New insights into gambling addiction from those experiencing its harmful effects will help inform more effective treatment and interventions. Researchers at the Centre for Gambling Research (CGR), based at The Australian National University (ANU), interviewed more than 50 people in the ACT about their experiences of gambling-related harm and the public health approaches to tackling the problem.

Health - Administration - 13.07.2018
Dr. Sandra Springer: On the other epidemic fueled by the opioid crisis
This spring, Yale associate professor of medicine and infectious disease expert Sandra Springer participated in a national workshop to address a recent rise in infectious diseases related to the opioid crisis. Convened by the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM), the workshop brought together top thinkers with a range of medical, public health, government, law enforcement, and community perspectives to develop an action plan for responding to the overlapping epidemics.

Health - Administration - 09.07.2018
Rising trend for keyhole appendix removal benefits kids
New University of Sydney research finds laparoscopic (keyhole) appendicectomy for children improves outcomes and is associated with a shorter length of hospital stay, compared to open appendicectomy. 'Keyhole' appendicectomies produce better health outcomes in children up to 16 years finds a new study that compares the post-operative outcomes of open versus laparoscopic appendicectomies (LA).

Health - Administration - 05.07.2018
Potential new drug for two life-threatening diseases
Derived from nature, a potential new drug to treat two life-threatening tropical diseases has been discovered as a result of collaboration between two Welsh universities. The team of researchers, led by Professor Andrew Westwell from Cardiff University, has successfully created a drug compound, from the goji berry plant, that is active against the parasites that cause schistosomiasis and fascioliasis.

Health - Administration - 03.07.2018
Research tackles global issues
Durham University's research is tackling global issues thanks to its success in securing over 13m funding across 11 projects since 2016. The University has an excellent track record of being awarded funding from the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF). The GCRF supports cutting edge research to address challenges faced by developing countries.

Administration - 03.07.2018
’Chaotic’ government reforms are failing to tackle education inequality
Two-thirds of head teachers believe that inequalities between schools are becoming wider as a result of current government policy, according to a new 'state of the nation' report by the UCL Institute of Education (IOE). The four-year study, funded by the Nuffield Foundation, evaluated the government's 'self-improving school-led system' (SISS), which has become an overarching narrative for education policy since 2010, making schools more autonomous and accountable for their own improvement.

Administration - Economics / Business - 28.06.2018
Mend the gap: solving the UK’s productivity puzzle
When it comes to the output, education and wellbeing of the Great British workforce, our towns, cities and regions exist on a dramatically unequal footing. A new, wide-ranging research network hopes to find answers to a decades-old problem - the UK's productivity gap. There's a narrative that the UK is a very rich country, but many regions of the UK outside the capital are poor.

Health - Administration - 26.06.2018
How to spot industry influence in science
Keen to know if vested interests have influenced research methods or policies' Professor Lisa Bero outlines the signs to help scientists, journalists and the public assess scientific communications for industry involvement. Internationally renowned for her studies on the integrity of research evidence used to influence health policy, Professor Lisa Bero leads the University of Sydney's Evidence, Policy and Influence Collaborative at the Charles Perkins Centre.

Health - Administration - 20.06.2018
Existing treatment could be used for common ’untreatable’ form of lung cancer
A cancer treatment already approved for use in certain types of cancer has been found to block cell growth in a common form of lung cancer for which there is currently no specific treatment available. The new findings suggest that a large number of patients could benefit from this treatment - a second generation EGFR inhibitor (a drug that slows down or stops cell growth) - if used in combination with additional therapies.

Administration - 09.06.2018
Evidence for the control of Arabidopsis gynoecium morphogenesis by ETTIN via cell wall dynamics
Abstract: ETTIN is an atypical member of the AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR family of transcription factors, which plays a crucial role in tissue patterning in the Arabidopsis thaliana gynoecium. Though recent insights have provided valuable information on ETT's interactions with other components of auxin signaling, the biophysical mechanisms linking ETT to its ultimate effects on gynoecium morphology were until now unknown.

Transport - Administration - 31.05.2018
How Imperial’s findings on post-Brexit borders caught the eyes of politicians
Dr Ke Han has reflected on his work to predict post-Brexit traffic conditions on the M20/A20 motorway in Kent. Imperial College London's Dr Han has warned of 'paralysis' on the M20/A20 motorways if we don't avoid customs delays after the UK leaves the European Union (EU). Commissioned by the BBC , his team created simulations of how motorway queues could stack up after longer border checks per vehicle at the ferry port in Dover , and at the Eurotunnel port in Folkestone, both in Kent.

Transport - Administration - 31.05.2018
How Imperial’s findings on post-Brexit border issues caught politicians’ eyes
Dr Ke Han has reflected on his work to predict post-Brexit traffic conditions on the M20/A20 motorway in Kent. Imperial College London's Dr Han has warned of 'paralysis' on the M20/A20 motorways if we don't avoid customs delays after the UK leaves the European Union (EU). Commissioned by the BBC , his team created simulations of how motorway queues could stack up after longer border checks per vehicle at the ferry port in Dover , and at the Eurotunnel port in Folkestone, both in Kent.

Health - Administration - 23.05.2018
SOM Insights: Could better predictions improve end-of-life care?
A team of Yale researchers has developed a statistical tool that can improve predictions of whether patients with advanced cancer are likely to die in the near term. Their analysis suggests that better understanding of the end of life could promote patient welfare by transferring more people from aggressive interventions to hospice care.