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Earth Sciences - Environment - 27.09.2017
Preservation of floodplains is flood protection
Preservation of floodplains is flood protection
Research news The silting of rivers and streams leads to problems for fish, mussels, and other aquatic organisms because their habitats disappear.

Health - Earth Sciences - 25.09.2017
Study identifies likely scenarios for global spread of devastating crop disease
Study identifies likely scenarios for global spread of devastating crop disease
New research reveals for the first time the most likely months and routes for the spread of new strains of airborne 'wheat stem rust' that may endanger global food security by ravaging wheat production across Africa, the Middle East, Asia and the wider world.  New races of wheat rust are threatening wheat worldwide, and we need to know which areas are at risk Chris Gilligan Stem rust, named for the blackening pustules that infect plant stems, caused devastating crop epidemics and famine for centuries before being tamed by fungicides and resistance genes.

Physics - Earth Sciences - 25.09.2017
New type of supercomputer could be based on 'magic dust' combination of light and matter
New type of supercomputer could be based on ’magic dust’ combination of light and matter
A team of researchers from the UK and Russia have successfully demonstrated that a type of 'magic dust' which combines light and matter can be used to solve complex problems and could eventually surpass the capabilities of even the most powerful supercomputers.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 21.09.2017
Kerry Emanuel: This year's hurricanes are a taste of the future
Kerry Emanuel: This year’s hurricanes are a taste of the future
In a detailed talk about the history and the underlying physics of hurricanes and tropical cyclones, MIT Professor Kerry Emanuel yesterday explained why climate change will cause such storms to becom

Earth Sciences - Physics - 21.09.2017
Hacking a pressure sensor to track gradual motion along marine faults
Hacking a pressure sensor to track gradual motion along marine faults
Deep below the ocean's surface, shielded from satellite signals, the gradual movement of the seafloor - including along faults that can unleash deadly earthquakes and tsunamis - goes largely undetected. As a result, we know distressingly little about motion along the fault that lies just off the Pacific Northwest coast.

Earth Sciences - Mathematics - 20.09.2017
Mathematics predicts a sixth mass extinction
Mathematics predicts a sixth mass extinction
In the past 540 million years, the Earth has endured five mass extinction events, each involving processes that upended the normal cycling of carbon through the atmosphere and oceans.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 20.09.2017
Geological investigation
Geological investigation
ESA Space in Images ESA astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti on a planetary geology course last week with a field trip to the Italian Dolomites.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 20.09.2017
New Forecast Model to Help Severe Weather Preparation
The two year project looks to improve forecast predictions that would look three to four weeks out, considered the "new frontier" in forecasting. Predicting the weather three to four weeks in advance is extremely challenging, yet many critical decisions affecting communities and economies must be made that far in advance.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.09.2017
Urgent emission reductions needed to achieve 1.5°C warming limit
Significant emission reductions are required if we are to achieve one of the key goals of the Paris Agreement, and limit the increase in global average temperatures to 1.5°C; a new Oxford University partnership warns.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.09.2017
Changes in nonextreme precipitation may have not-so-subtle consequences
Changes in nonextreme precipitation may have not-so-subtle consequences
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Major floods and droughts receive a lot of attention in the context of climate change, but University of Illinois researchers analyzed over five decades of precipitation data from North America to find that changes in nonextreme precipitation are more significant than previously realized and larger than those in extreme precipitation.

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 15.09.2017
Celebrity fossil reveals all for science
Celebrity fossil reveals all for science
With the help of an artist, a geology professor at Lund University in Sweden has figuratively speaking breathed life into one of science's most well-known fossil species; Agnostus pisiformis. The trilobite-like arthropod lived in huge numbers in Scandinavia a half-billion years ago. Today, this extinct species provides important clues for science in several ways.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 13.09.2017
Rock recognition
Rock recognition
ESA Space in Images Training astronauts and engineers for missions to other planets includes field trips to places that resemble outer space.

Earth Sciences - Administration - 11.09.2017
Track Tremors Across Texas With New Website
TexNet stations like this one near Post in West Texas are providing Texans a comprehensive look at seismic activity across the state.

Politics - Earth Sciences - 08.09.2017
Stanford scholar’s new book explores limited electoral power of low-income Americans
Stanford professor Karen Jusko's new book investigates the lack of electoral power low-income Americans possess.

Earth Sciences - 07.09.2017
Land-sea experiment will track earthquakes, volcanoes along Alaska Peninsula
Land-sea experiment will track earthquakes, volcanoes along Alaska Peninsula
The National Science Foundation is funding the largest marine seismic-monitoring effort yet along the Alaska Peninsula, a region with frequent and diverse earthquake and volcanic activity.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 31.08.2017
Q&A: How Idaho, Montana, North Dakota and Yellowstone National Park are confronting climate change
Q&A: How Idaho, Montana, North Dakota and Yellowstone National Park are confronting climate change
The Northern Rocky Mountain ecosystem includes huge swaths of federal lands, two national parks and some of the most spectacular wild spaces in the country.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 31.08.2017
Record-low 2016 Antarctic sea ice due to 'perfect storm' of tropical, polar conditions
Record-low 2016 Antarctic sea ice due to ’perfect storm’ of tropical, polar conditions
While winter sea ice in the Arctic is declining so dramatically that ships can now navigate those waters without any icebreaker escort, the scene in the Southern Hemisphere is very different. Sea ice area around Antarctica has actually increased slightly in winter - that is, until last year. A dramatic drop in Antarctic sea ice almost a year ago, during the Southern Hemisphere spring, brought its maximum area down to its lowest level in 40 years of record keeping.

Computer Science - Earth Sciences - 30.08.2017
Machine-learning earthquake prediction in lab shows promise
Machine-learning earthquake prediction in lab shows promise
A computer science approach using machine learning can predict the time remaining before the fault fails. "At any given instant, the noise coming from the lab fault zone provides quantitative information on when the fault will slip," said Paul Johnson. Listening to faultline's grumbling gives countdown to future quakes LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 28.08.2017
CO2 and temperature decoupling at the million-year scale during the Cretaceous Greenhouse
Optical microscopic view of a cuticle of the Frenelopsis fossil conifer used to reconstruct the atmospheric CO2 concentration in the Cretaceous.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 22.08.2017
5 cool topics you can study with a geography major
While geography facts make for excellent trivia, what applications can the subject have in society or in a career sense? We chatted with five University of Sydney geographers to learn more about their fascinating research.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 22.08.2017
Ancient Earth's hot interior created
Ancient Earth’s hot interior created "graveyard" of continental slabs
Plate tectonics has shaped the Earth's surface for billions of years: Continents and oceanic crust have pushed and pulled on each other, continually rearranging the planet's façade. As two massive plates collide, one can give way and slide under the other in a process called subduction. The subducted slab then slips down through the Earth's viscous mantle, like a flat stone through a pool of honey.

Earth Sciences - Event - 21.08.2017

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 16.08.2017
ANU-led study solves mystery of how first animals appeared on Earth
These large and nutritious organisms at the base of the food web provided the burst of energy required for the evolution of complex ecosystems, where increasingly large and complex animals, including humans, could thrive on Earth. Research led by ANU has solved the mystery of how the first animals appeared on Earth, a pivotal moment for the planet without which humans would not exist.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 16.08.2017
Supervolcanoes: A key to America‘s electric future’ | Stanford News
Stanford researchers detail a new method for locating lithium in lake deposits from ancient supervolcanoes, which appear as large holes in the ground that often fill with water to form a lake, such as Crater Lake in Oregon, pictured here. (Image credit: Lindsay Snow / Shutterstock) Stanford researchers show that lake sediments preserved within ancient supervolcanoes can host large lithium-rich clay deposits.

Earth Sciences - Chemistry - 16.08.2017
How future volcanic eruptions will impact Earth’s ozone layer
CFCs, greenhouse gases, and naturally occurring emissions of halogens will shape how volcanoes impact the ozone layer into the next century  The next major volcanic eruption could kick-start chemical reactions that would seriously damage the planet's already besieged ozone layer.

Earth Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 15.08.2017
How Friction Evolves During an Earthquake
How Friction Evolves During an Earthquake
By simulating earthquakes in a lab, engineers at Caltech have documented the evolution of friction during an earthquake-measuring what could once only be inferred, and shedding light on one of the biggest unknowns in earthquake modeling. Before an earthquake, static friction helps hold the two sides of a fault immobile and pressed against each other.

Earth Sciences - 15.08.2017
Evans School's Scott Allard notes poverty's changing landscape in 'Places in Need'
Evans School’s Scott Allard notes poverty’s changing landscape in ’Places in Need’
Scott W. Allard is a professor in the Evans School of Public Policy & Governance and the author of the 2017 book " Places in Need: The Changing Geography of Poverty ,” published by the Russell Sage Foundation.

Physics - Earth Sciences - 15.08.2017
Unique imaging of a dinosaur's skull tells evolutionary tale
Unique imaging of a dinosaur’s skull tells evolutionary tale
Researchers have exposed the inner structures of the fossil skull of a 74-million-year-old tyrannosauroid dinosaur nicknamed the Bisti Beast.

Earth Sciences - 13.08.2017
Meadow of dancing brittle stars shows evolution at work | University of Cambridge
Meadow of dancing brittle stars shows evolution at work | University of Cambridge
Newly-described fossil shows how brittle stars evolved in response to pressure from predators, and how an 'evolutionary hangover' managed to escape them.

Earth Sciences - 10.08.2017
Public has rare opportunity to view work on T. rex skull
Public has rare opportunity to view work on T. rex skull
Starting Aug. 12, the public can watch fossil preparation of the University of Washington Burke Museum 's Tyrannosaurus rex skull "live.” Over the next several months, Burke paleontologists will carefully remove the rock surrounding the skull, slowly exposing the 66-million-year-old specimen.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 10.08.2017
Preserving the stress of volcanic uprise on Mars / Mars Express / Space Science / Our Activities / ESA
Preserving the stress of volcanic uprise on Mars / Mars Express / Space Science / Our Activities / ESA
An ancient mountain range on Mars preserves a complex volcanic and tectonic past imprinted with signs of water and ice interactions.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 04.08.2017
TESS mission to discover new planets moves toward launch
TESS mission to discover new planets moves toward launch
A NASA mission designed to explore the stars in search of planets outside of our solar system is a step closer to launch, now that its four cameras have been completed by researchers at MIT. The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), due to launch in 2018, will travel through space, identifying more than 20,000 extrasolar planets.

Earth Sciences - 03.08.2017
August: dinosaur skin | News | University of Bristol
August: dinosaur skin | News | University of Bristol
Detailed analysis of the fossilised skin of a newly discovered species of dinosaur has revealed that despite being the size of a tank and heavily protected with armour, it was still hunted by savage predators. Palaeobiologist and expert on fossil pigments Dr Jakob Vinther , from the University of Bristol's School of Earth Sciences worked with researchers from the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology in Alberta, Canada to study the 18-foot long specimen's exquisitely well-preserved form.

Earth Sciences - 02.08.2017
Shake it up: Human-induced and natural earthquakes in central U.S. are 'inherently similar'
Shake it up: Human-induced and natural earthquakes in central U.S. are ’inherently similar’
ANN ARBOR-The stresses released by human-induced and naturally occurring earthquakes in the central United States are in many cases indistinguishable, meaning that existing tools to predict shaking damage can be applied to both types. That's the main conclusion of a study by a University of Michigan seismologist and two Stanford University colleagues, published online Aug.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 31.07.2017
Bold new approaches needed to shrink Gulf of Mexico dead zone and meet elusive goals
ANN ARBOR-Shrinking the annual Gulf of Mexico "dead zone" down to the size of Delaware will require a 59-percent reduction in the amount of nitrogen runoff that flows down the Mississippi River from as far away as the Corn Belt. That's the primary finding of a new study that used four computer models to see what it would take to reach the longstanding but elusive goal of cutting by about two-thirds the size of the Gulf of Mexico summer hypoxic zone, an area of low-to-no oxygen that can kill fish and other marine life.

Earth Sciences - 31.07.2017
Wettest Summer on Record in Berlin
Berliner Wetterkarte at Freie Universität: Record Set after Only Two Months No 208/2017 from Jul 31, 2017 According to calculations by the Berliner Wetterkarte association at Freie Universität Berlin

Earth Sciences - Environment - 31.07.2017
Underground magma pulse triggered end-Permian extinction
Underground magma pulse triggered end-Permian extinction
Geologists from the U.S. Geological Survey and MIT have homed in on the precise event that set off the end-Permian extinction, Earth's most devastating mass extinction, which killed off 90 percent of marine organisms and 75 percent of life on land approximately 252 million years ago.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 28.07.2017
Measuring the earth's rotational movement from the Bavarian countryside
Measuring the earth’s rotational movement from the Bavarian countryside
Research news A new ring laser will make it possible for scientists to measure the rotational movements of the earth with far greater precision and detail than in the past.

Earth Sciences - 28.07.2017
Expedition to help solve mystery of underwater continent near Australia
Zealandia, including today's Lord Howe Rise, was largely part of Australia until 75 million years ago, when it started to break away and move to the northeast.

Earth Sciences - History / Archeology - 25.07.2017
Discovering the sunken pirate city
Research uncovering the secrets of the 17 th century pirate town of Port Royal in Jamaica, which was destroyed by a massive earthquake in 1692, will be showcased in a new documentary. 'Drain the Sunken Pirate City' will premiere on the National Geographic Channel on Wednesday 26 July at 9pm, and will show how experts have used new state-of-the-art technology to uncover the secrets hidden beneath the waters of Jamaica's Kingston Harbour.

Health - Earth Sciences - 25.07.2017
Small drop in measles vaccinations would have outsized effect
A 5 percent drop in childhood measles vaccination levels would cause annual measles cases to triple, according to researchers at Stanford and Baylor.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 24.07.2017
All Aboard the Carbon Cruise
University of Miami students and researchers are blogging during a month-long expedition in the Gulf of Mexico to study ocean acidification.

Earth Sciences - 21.07.2017
Warm soils across Illinois in July
Soil temperatures are above normal in mid-July, according to Jennie Atkins, the Water and Atmospheric Resources Monitoring program manager at the Illinois State Water Survey, part of the Prairie Research Institute at Illinois.

Earth Sciences - Chemistry - 20.07.2017
Link identified between continental breakup, volcanic carbon emissions and evolution
Link identified between continental breakup, volcanic carbon emissions and evolution
Researchers have found that the formation and breakup of supercontinents over hundreds of millions of years controls volcanic carbon emissions. The results , reported , could lead to a reinterpretation of how the carbon cycle has evolved over Earth's history, and how this has impacted the evolution of Earth's habitability.  The link between oxygen levels and the burial of organic material allowed life on Earth as we know it to evolve, but our geological record of this link needs to be re-evaluated.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 20.07.2017
Berkeley Lab to Lead Multimillion-Dollar Geothermal Energy Project
Berkeley Lab to Lead Multimillion-Dollar Geothermal Energy Project
The Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) will lead a new $9 million project aimed at removing technical barriers to commercialization of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS), a clean energy technology with the potential to power 100 million American homes. Berkeley Lab will partner with seven other DOE national labs and six universities to develop field experiments focused on understanding and modeling rock fractures, an essential element of geothermal systems.

Computer Science - Earth Sciences - 20.07.2017
Second PhD a labour of love for Dr White
Second PhD a labour of love for Dr White
A retired Sunshine Coast academic has his wife to thank for prompting him to get his second University of Queensland PhD, in a totally different field to the first, at the age of 81.

Earth Sciences - 19.07.2017
'Shadow network' keeps communities safe from deadly volcano
’Shadow network’ keeps communities safe from deadly volcano
New research by the University of East Anglia (UEA), and co-authored by the University of Bristol, shows that 'shadow networks' linking volunteers with authorities can help keep some of the millions of people living near dangerous volcanoes safer. These informal networks see community members working in close collaboration with scientists and government officials on monitoring, communications, training and evacuation processes.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.07.2017
Climate scientists create Caribbean drought atlas
Acres of parched grazing fields cover the Dominican Republic landscape near San Juan in August 2016.

Earth Sciences - Sport - 14.07.2017
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