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Materials Science - 15.02.2024
Fabrication of twisted oxide crystals opens up new possibilities in information storage
A study led by the Complutense University of Madrid discovers a new generation of artificial materials by stacking two ultra-thin crystals of ceramic oxides rotated together. The work, published in Nature , opens up new avenues for increasing the information storage density and energy efficiency of future computing devices.

Environment - 15.02.2024
Advancing forest monitoring
Advancing forest monitoring
Forests are under pressure and rapidly changing. In order to be able to react to these changes, forest monitoring is of crucial importance. The Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL launched an initiative (SwissAIM) to improve forest monitoring. A new study sheds light on why the initiative is needed.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.02.2024
Chronic fatigue syndrome: number of patients is expected to double due to long-term effects of the COVID-19 pandemic
Up to 80,000 people in Austria are estimated to suffer from chronic fatigue syndrome, also known as ME/CFS or myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. The number of ME/CFS patients is expected to rise drastically due to long-term effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, research in the field has neither identified mechanisms of disease onset nor causal treatment approaches.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.02.2024
Neuronal Insights: Flash and Freeze-Fracture
Neuronal Insights: Flash and Freeze-Fracture
ISTA researchers analyze brain region using light flashes, high-pressure freezing and fracturing Fear and addiction exert significant influence within society. Managing them is often challenging, as they are driven by intricate neuronal circuits in our brains. Understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms is crucial to intervene when these processes malfunction.

Life Sciences - 15.02.2024
Asexual Propagation of Crop Plants Gets Closer
Asexual Propagation of Crop Plants Gets Closer
When the female gametes in plants become fertilized, a signal from the sperm activates cell division, leading to the formation of new plant seeds. This activation can also be deliberately triggered without fertilization, as researchers have shown. Their findings open up new avenues for the asexual propagation of crop plants.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.02.2024
New therapeutic avenues to improve ovarian cancer treatment
New therapeutic avenues to improve ovarian cancer treatment
By studying for the first time the effects of chemotherapy on certain cells in the tumor microenvironment , a team from the Institut Curie and Inserm, led by Dr. Fatima Mechta-Grigoriou, has taken a major step towards understanding the mechanisms of chemotherapy resistance in ovarian cancer patients.

Chemistry - Health - 15.02.2024
Trapping sulfate to benefit health, industry and waterways
Scientists have developed a new method to measure and remove sulfate from water, potentially leading to cleaner waterways and more effective nuclear waste treatments. A collaborative team from The University of Queensland and Xiamen University in China has designed a cage-like molecule to trap sulfate, a naturally occurring ion, in water.

Psychology - Pharmacology - 15.02.2024
Exercising your way out of depression
Exercise can be a powerful tool to fight depression and should be routinely prescribed as part of treatment plans, according to University of Queensland research. Dr Michael Noetel from UQ's School of Psychology reviewed more than 200 studies looking at the effect of exercise, psychotherapy and antidepressants in treating depression.

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 15.02.2024
A 'quantum leap' at room temperature
A ’quantum leap’ at room temperature
Scientists have achieved a milestone by controlling quantum phenomena at room temperature. Image: Conceptual art of the operating device, consisting of a nanopillar-loaded drum sandwiched by two periodically segmented mirrors, allowing the laser light to strongly interact with the drum quantum mechanically at room temperature.

Sport - Health - 15.02.2024
School uniform policies linked to students getting less exercise
School uniform policies linked to students getting less exercise
School uniform policies could be restricting young people from being active, particularly primary school-aged girls, new research suggests. Social norms and expectations tend to influence what they feel they can do in these clothes. Unfortunately, when it comes to promoting physical health, that's a problem Esther van Sluijs The University of Cambridge study used data about the physical activity participation of more than a million five-to-17-year-olds internationally.

Chemistry - 15.02.2024
With just a little electricity, MIT researchers boost common catalytic reactions
Applying a small voltage to a catalyst can increase the rates of reactions used in petrochemical processing, pharmaceutical manufacture, and many other processes. A simple technique that uses small amounts of energy could boost the efficiency of some key chemical processing reactions, by up to a factor of 100,000, MIT researchers report.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.02.2024
Widely used AI tool for early sepsis detection may be cribbing doctors’ suspicions
When using only data collected before patients with sepsis received treatments or medical tests, the model's accuracy was no better than a coin toss Study: Evaluation of Sepsis Prediction Models before Onset of Treatment (DOI: 10.1056/AIoa2300032) Proprietary artificial intelligence software designed to be an early warning system for sepsis can't differentiate high and low risk patients before they receive treatments, according to a new study from the University of Michigan.

Physics - Chemistry - 15.02.2024
First-ever atomic freeze-frame of liquid water
In an experiment akin to stop-motion photography, an international team of scientists has isolated the energetic movement of an electron in a sample of liquid water - while "freezing" the motion of the much larger atom it orbits. The finding reveals the immediate response of an electron when hit with an X-ray, an essential step in understanding the effects of radiation exposure on objects and people.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 15.02.2024
Programming cells to organize their molecules may open the door to new treatments
Researchers can engineer cells to express new genes and produce specific proteins, giving the cells new parts to work with. But, it's much harder to provide cells with instructions on how to organize and use those new parts. Now, new tools from University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers offer an innovative way around this problem.

Agronomy / Food Science - Computer Science - 15.02.2024
Researchers remotely map crops, field by field
Researchers remotely map crops, field by field
The team used machine learning to analyze satellite and roadside images of areas where small farms predominate and agricultural data are sparse. Crop maps help scientists and policymakers track global food supplies and estimate how they might shift with climate change and growing populations. But getting accurate maps of the types of crops that are grown from farm to farm often requires on-the-ground surveys that only a handful of countries have the resources to maintain.

Social Sciences - 14.02.2024
Swipe, match, happy? Dating app users less satisfied with relationship status than non-users
Swipe, match, happy? Dating app users less satisfied with relationship status than non-users
Mobile dating apps are a popular way to meet people. They promise a fun partner and a happy love life. However, a new study by Radboud researchers shows that people who use dating apps actually tend to be overall less satisfied with their relationship status than those who don't. Connecting with others through mobile dating apps has become one of the most popular ways of meeting someone.

Astronomy / Space - Earth Sciences - 14.02.2024
Saturn's largest moon most likely non-habitable
Saturn’s largest moon most likely non-habitable
A study led by astrobiologist Catherine Neish for Western University shows the subsurface ocean of Titan - the largest moon of Saturn - is most likely a non-habitable environment, meaning any hope of finding life in the icy world is dead in the water. This discovery means it is far less likely that space scientists and astronauts will ever find life in the outer solar system, home to the four 'giant' planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.

Psychology - 14.02.2024
Western researchers examine intimate relationships  
Valentine's Day means the stores are filled with hearts and chocolate and florists are rushing to fill orders. But beyond cards and candy, what factors make for a strong relationship that lasts?  Why do some relationships break down and others flourish? How does a relationship progress to a long-term partnership? How important is sexual compatibility in a successful relationship?  These are among the questions researchers in Western's psychology department are examining, through relationship studies involving feedback from couples in intimate relationships.

Health - Environment - 14.02.2024
Why do(n't) people support being nudged towards healthier diets?
Why do(n’t) people support being nudged towards healthier diets?
Researchers investigate how individual characteristics and the design of food choice -nudges- influence support for their adoption You may not realise it, but -nudge- has been used by businesses, policy-makers and governments for years to prod the public into making different choices. Small changes in our environment can -nudge- us into different behaviours without restricting the options available to us.

Chemistry - 14.02.2024
As easy as counting to ten - a new rule for catalysts' design
As easy as counting to ten - a new rule for catalysts’ design
The 'ten electron rule' provides guidance for the design of single-atom alloy catalysts for targeted chemical reactions. A collaborative team from three British universities and from Humboldt-Universität have discovered a very simple rule to design single-atom alloy catalysts for chemical reactions.
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