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Results 41 - 60 of 1434.

Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
15.11.2017
Hunt for dark matter is narrowed by new University of Sussex research
Hunt for dark matter is narrowed by new University of Sussex research
Hunt for dark matter is narrowed by new University of Sussex research Scientists at the University of Sussex have disproved the existence of a specific type of axion - an important candidate ‘dark matter' particle - across a wide range of its possible masses. The data were collected by an international consortium, the Neutron Electric Dipole Moment (nEDM) Collaboration, whose experiment is based at the Paul Scherrer Institut in Switzerland.
Social Sciences - Life Sciences
15.11.2017
It’s (not) complicated: relationships may be simpler than they seem
New research sheds light on how social networks can evolve by showing that complex social patterns observed across the animal kingdom may be simpler than they appear. Image credit: Shutterstock New Oxford University research has shed light on the complexities involved in forming social bonds, and suggests that the process is much simpler than first thought.  Scientists from Oxford's Department of Zoology worked in collaboration with their peers at the University of Exeter to assess social patterns across the animal kingdom.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering
15.11.2017
One in ten young adults experience homelessness during one year, Chapin Hall finds
A groundbreaking study released Nov. 15 by Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago reveals one in 10 young adults between the ages of 18 and 25, and at least one in 30 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17, experience some form of homelessness over the course of a year. This study captures youth homelessness broadly, including situations such as sleeping on the streets, in shelters, running away and couch surfing.
Medicine/Pharmacology
15.11.2017
Test identifies which people with chest pains are at low risk of heart attack
Test identifies which people with chest pains are at low risk of heart attack
Researchers have shown a single blood test could identify which patients reporting to hospital with chest pain were at low risk of imminent heart attacks. The University of Queensland was part of an international collaboration which showed the test could more rapidly rule out acute coronary syndrome, reducing patient anxiety and time spent in hospital.
Environment/Sustainable Development
15.11.2017
Swap all incandescent bulbs now, but hold on to CFLs, older LEDs
ANN ARBOR-LED light bulbs are getting cheaper and more energy efficient every year. So, does it make sense to replace less-efficient bulbs with the latest light-emitting diodes now, or should you wait for future improvements and even lower costs? A new study from University of Michigan researchers recommends replacing all incandescent and halogen light bulbs in your home now with compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or LEDs.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
14.11.2017
Antibiotic Discovery in the Abyss
Antibiotic Discovery in the Abyss
Combining the innovations of synthetic biology with robotic environmental sampling, a team of University of Bristol researchers are travelling to some of the most 'extreme' environments on Earth, including Atlantic depths of 4.5km, to find new leads which could help in the global fight against antimicrobial resistance.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
14.11.2017
Stem cells express genes differently in the lab dish than in the body
The Stanford research suggests that any conclusions about stem cell function based on studies of stem cells in lab dishes may now need to be reconsidered in light of the fact that the cells' biology changes during isolation. Stem cells in the body have a significantly different gene-expression profile than do the same cells when they're isolated in a lab dish, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
Environment/Sustainable Development
14.11.2017
UChicago Consortium studies differences between CPS charter, non-charter schools
In its first in-depth look at charter high schools, the University of Chicago Consortium on School Research looked beyond test scores to examine the differences between charter and non-charter high schools in Chicago Public Schools. The study, released Nov. 14, found that, on average, charter high schools in Chicago look similar to non-charter schools on some dimensions of organizational capacity and some measures of student performance.
History/Archeology
14.11.2017
Evidence of Stone Age Wine Predating Earlier Findings
Tuesday, November 14, 2017 Georgia in the South Caucasus, not Iran, may be the birthplace of wine. In two archaeological sites there, researchers have discovered wine residue in ceramic jars dating back to 6,000 B.C.E., 600-1,000 years earlier than evidence previously found in Iran. The discovery was made by an international team of scientists; a University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology scholar was lead author of the paper published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
14.11.2017
To Find New Biofuel Enzymes, It Can Take a Microbial Village
To Find New Biofuel Enzymes, It Can Take a Microbial Village
A new study led by researchers at the Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), based at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), demonstrates the importance of microbial communities as a source of stable enzymes that could be used to convert plants to biofuels. The study, recently published in the journal Nature Microbiology , reports on the discovery of new types of cellulases, enzymes that help break down plants into ingredients that can be used to make biofuels and bioproducts.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
14.11.2017
Study in mice finds dietary levels of genistein may adversely affect female fertility
Study in mice finds dietary levels of genistein may adversely affect female fertility
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Exposure to the phytoestrogen genistein prior to conception may adversely affect female fertility and pregnancy outcomes, depending on the dosage and duration of exposure, a new study in mice suggests. Chronic preconception exposure to genistein affected pregnancy rates in mice and was associated with prolonged labor, smaller litters and pups, and higher rates of pup mortality, scientists at the University of Illinois report in a paper accepted for publication in the journal Reproductive Toxicology.
Medicine/Pharmacology
14.11.2017
Targeting cancer without destroying healthy T-cells
A unique approach to targeting the abnormal T-cells that cause T-cell lymphomas could offer hope to patients with the aggressive and difficult-to-treat family of cancers, finds a study involving researchers from Cardiff University. The team of researchers, working with biopharmaceutical company Autolus Ltd, have discovered a method of targeting the cancer without destroying healthy T-cells, essential to the immune system.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Medicine/Pharmacology
14.11.2017
Global Warming - New Study Calls for Decisive Action
Global Warming - New Study Calls for Decisive Action
The largest global study to date on the effects of climate change on temperature-related mortality shows that more deaths due to hot weather may not be balanced by fewer deaths in colder world regions should global temperatures continue to rise. Swiss TPH, working for improved health of the people around the globe, prepared the data set for Switzerland.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
14.11.2017
Trials bring hope for world-first rheumatoid arthritis treatment
Trials bring hope for world-first rheumatoid arthritis treatment
Human trials of an innovative treatment for rheumatoid arthritis developed by The University of Queensland have begun in Brisbane. DEN-181, a vaccine-style treatment referred to as an 'immunotherapy', targets the underlying cause of the disease rather than treating its inflammatory symptoms. Patient trials at a clinical research facility at the Princess Alexandra Hospital began last week.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
14.11.2017
Women urged to give up alcohol before conceiving
Women urged to give up alcohol before conceiving
Women who consume alcohol around the time of conception could be putting their male offspring at greater risk of obesity in later life. Researchers from The University of Queensland 's Child Health Research Centre investigated how alcohol exposure affected the just-fertilised egg, in one of the first studies to look at alcohol in preconception rather than during pregnancy.
Medicine/Pharmacology
13.11.2017
Breastfed babies are less likely to have eczema as teenagers, study shows
Breastfed babies are less likely to have eczema as teenagers, study shows
Babies whose mothers had received support to breastfeed exclusively for a sustained period from birth have a 54 per cent lower risk of eczema at the age of 16, a new study led by researchers from King's College London, Harvard University, University of Bristol and McGill University shows.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
13.11.2017
California birds nesting a week earlier than they did a century ago
California birds nesting a week earlier than they did a century ago
!- Start of DoubleClick Floodlight Tag: Please do not remove Activity name of this tag: UCB001CP Retargeting URL of the webpage where the tag is expected to be placed: http://unknown This tag must be placed between the A new study suggests that many of the state's birds are adapting to rising temperatures by breeding earlier than they did a century ago.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
13.11.2017
Next-generation optogenetic molecules control single neurons
Next-generation optogenetic molecules control single neurons
Researchers at MIT and Paris Descartes University have developed a new optogenetic technique that sculpts light to target individual cells bearing engineered light-sensitive molecules, so that individual neurons can be precisely stimulated. Until now, it has been challenging to use optogenetics to target single cells with such precise control over both the timing and location of the activation.
Medicine/Pharmacology
13.11.2017
Breastfed babies are less likely to develop eczema as teenagers, study shows
Babies whose mothers had received support to breastfeed exclusively for a sustained period from birth have a 54% lower risk of eczema at the age of 16 A new study, which is published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Pediatrics, and was led by researchers from King's College London, Harvard University, University of Bristol and McGill University, examined more than 13,000 Belarussian teenagers enrolled in the PROmot
Medicine/Pharmacology
13.11.2017
Breastfed babies are less likely to have eczema as teenagers, study shows
Babies whose mothers had received support to breastfeed exclusively for a sustained period from birth have a 54% lower risk of eczema at the age of 16, a new study led by researchers from King's College London, Harvard University, University of Bristol and McGill University shows.

 
 
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