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Life Sciences - Health - 14.10.2020
Scientists home in on how cells are protected from premature aging
Scientists home in on how cells are protected from premature aging
A new study by EPFL researchers shows how RNA species called TERRA muster at the tip of chromosomes, where they help to prevent telomere shortening and premature cell aging. Molecules that accumulate at the tip of chromosomes are known to play a key role in preventing damage to our DNA. Now, researchers at EPFL have unraveled how these molecules home in on specific sections of chromosomes-a finding that could help to better understand the processes that regulate cell survival in aging and cancer.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.10.2020
Virus-mimicking drug helps immune system target cunning cancer cells
Researchers at the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have found that a drug that activates the body's natural defenses by behaving like a virus may also make certain stealthy melanoma tumors visible to the immune system, allowing them to be better targeted by immunotherapy. The findings, published today Translational Medicine, open up the possibility of using drugs that mimic viruses to overcome immunotherapy resistance in tumors with defective interferon signaling and help create more personalized therapies for people with hard-to-treat cancers.

Life Sciences - Campus - 14.10.2020
The Brain Quenches Thirst in Different Ways
After eating a bag of salty potato chips, you probably feel thirsty. And after a long period of exercise, you also probably feel thirsty. However, these two types of thirst are not the same. In the first example, you would likely reach for water. This is because after eating chips, the concentration of salts and minerals in your blood becomes elevated, which induces a state called osmotic thirst.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 14.10.2020
New Deep Learning Models: Fewer Neurons, More Intelligence
New Deep Learning Models: Fewer Neurons, More Intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI) can become more efficient and reliable if it is made to mimic biological models. New approaches in AI research are hugely successful in experiments. Artificial intelligence has arrived in our everyday lives-from search engines to self-driving cars. This has to do with the enormous computing power that has become available in recent years.

Environment - 14.10.2020
More diversity needed in oil palm plantations
Scientists from the University of Göttingen call for meaningful support for smallholder farmers in Indonesia The growing global demand for palm oil has led to a rapid spread of oil palm monoculture plantations in South East Asia. This is often associated with the loss of natural habitat and biodiversity.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 14.10.2020
Austerity’s impact on rural poverty has been overlooked
Researchers at Cardiff University, Queen Mary University of London, and University of Exeter have revealed the significant impact of austerity on rural areas. The findings, published in the Journal of Rural Studies , provide the most comprehensive account to date of how changes in spending power and service spending have affected rural communities in England and Wales.

Environment - 14.10.2020
Winners and losers of energy transition
Winners and losers of energy transition
Accounting for multiple social aims other than costs is critical for transitioning from fossil fuels to renewable electricity. A new study by UNIGE proposes a viable compromise. The European Green Deal aims to drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the electricity sector, which could have substantial economic and social impacts across Central European regions.

Earth Sciences - 14.10.2020
Scientist gains fresh insight into the origins of earthquakes
The speed and intensity with which seismic waves propagate after an earthquake depend mainly on forces occurring deep inside the rocks along a fault line, according to a study by EPFL scientist François Passelègue. His sophisticated models are giving us fresh insight into the factors that can trigger an earthquake.  Sometimes barely noticeable, and at other times devasting, earthquakes are a major geological phenomenon which provide a stark reminder that our planet is constantly evolving.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 13.10.2020
Cameras that can learn
Cameras that can learn
SCAMP-5d vision system The University of Manchester, 2020 SCAMP-5d's hardware architecture.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.10.2020
An alternative to animal experiments
An alternative to animal experiments
Scientists at the Technical University of Munich derived human organoids from duodenal tissue sections. Within a few days, organoids grow from small circular structures into bigger, more complex structures resembling many aspects of intestinal physiology. New applications for organoids from human intestinal tissue Researchers of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have cultured so-called intestinal organoids from human intestinal tissue, which is a common byproduct when performing bowel surgery.

Health - Psychology - 13.10.2020
COVID-19 inequality: poorest workers hit by worse outcomes
We have not all been in this together, according to  research  from Oxford, which shows the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in aggravated economic and mental health inequality. The study, published by PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America), shows lower paid workers have suffered disproportionately more economic hardship and more resulting mental health problems during the current crisis than their higher paid peers.

Chemistry - Environment - 13.10.2020
Researchers achieve breakthrough in production of ammonia without CO2 emissions
KU Leuven and the University of Antwerp join forces for sustainable ammonia synthesis. The production of ammonia - a very important chemical building block as part of synthetic fertilisers, among other things - is one of the main sources of CO2 emissions. By combining two different technologies, researchers from KU Leuven and the University of Antwerp have now discovered a CO2-free alternative.

Environment - Health - 13.10.2020
Soluble iron in skies over China’s cities could create health risk - study
Industrial and vehicle pollution in the skies above East China's major cities is boosting the amount of atmospheric soluble iron particles - creating health risks for citizens, a new study reveals. Research indicates that acidic gases emitted from power generation, industry and vehicle exhausts are helping to dissolve insoluble iron particles in Beijing, Handan, Zhengzhou and Hangzhou.

Chemistry - Physics - 13.10.2020
Turning plastic waste into hydrogen and high-value carbons
Turning plastic waste into hydrogen and high-value carbons
The ever-increasing production and use of plastics over the last half century has created a huge environmental problem for the world.

Electroengineering - Physics - 13.10.2020
Easy-to-make, ultra-low power electronics could charge out of thin air
Easy-to-make, ultra-low power electronics could charge out of thin air
Researchers have developed a new approach to printed electronics which allows ultra-low power electronic devices that could recharge from ambient light or radiofrequency noise. The approach paves the way for low-cost printed electronics that could be seamlessly embedded in everyday objects and environments.

Physics - 13.10.2020
CEA Achieves Mass-Spectrometry Breakthrough that Paves the Way to Detecting Viruses
CEA Achieves Mass-Spectrometry Breakthrough that Paves the Way to Detecting Viruses
With Ultimate Goal of Improving Virus Knowledge, Team Now Will Use its Optomechanical System to Design a Prototype for Airborne Virus Analysis GRENOBLE, France - Oct. 13, 2020 - Targeting analysis of biological particles with large aspect ratios, such as viruses or fibrils, CEA scientists have demonstrated a breakthrough in single-particle mass spectrometry (MS) that could fast track the detection of viral particles in hospitals, offices, airplanes and other public places.

Computer Science - 13.10.2020
Unique signature of a lion’s roar using machine learning
The roar of a lion is one of the most thrilling and captivating sounds of the wild.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 13.10.2020
Vulnerable adults in police custody missing out on vital support
Thousands of police detentions and voluntary interviews of vulnerable people may have been carried out without an ‘appropriate adult' (AA) present, a report has found. There to Help 3 was co-authored Dr Roxanna Dehaghani of Cardiff University and Chris Bath, chief executive of the National Appropriate Adult Network (NAAN).

Health - 13.10.2020
Enhanced common blood test could predict adverse outcomes in pregnancy
"The novelty of this research is being able to break down a mother's DNA and being able to hone in on the health of the placenta - something that researchers have never been able to do before," said the study's lead author, Dr. Sherin Devaskar. Unsplash/Obi Onyeador "The novelty of this research is being able to break down a mother's DNA and being able to hone in on the health of the placenta - something that researchers have never been able to do before," said the study's lead author, Dr. Sherin Devaskar.

Environment - Life Sciences - 13.10.2020
Crayfish ’trapping’ fails to control invasive species
Despite being championed by a host of celebrity chefs, crayfish 'trapping' is not helping to control invasive American signal crayfish, according to new research by UCL and King's College London. There have been grave concerns within the science community and amongst conservationists that American signal crayfish are wiping out other species of crayfish across Europe - including Britain's only native crayfish, the endangered white-clawed crayfish.

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