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Results 41 - 60 of 1569.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.01.2022
Biologists Pinpoint Key Factor in Immune System Response to Viral Infection
Scientists identified the zip-1 gene as a first-line defense hub in worms The COVID-19 pandemic has underscored the urgency for science to continue unraveling how viruses infect and how immune systems respond to such threats. University of California San Diego researchers studying how small worms defend themselves against pathogens have discovered a gene that acts as a cell's first-line response against infection.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 13.01.2022
Promising novel treatment for Dry Eye Disease revealed by new research
Promising novel treatment for Dry Eye Disease revealed by new research
The University of Manchester, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Link Biologics Limited today announced that promising preclinical data on the treatment of Dry Eye Disease using a novel protein biological drug, Link_TSG6, have been published in the peer-reviewed journal, Ocular Surface .

Social Sciences - 13.01.2022
Greenspace outside prison walls has a positive effect on prisoner wellbeing
Share this page Share on Twitter Share on facebook Share on linkedin Share on email Prisoners who are incarcerated in buildings located in green areas are less likely to engage in self-harming or violent behaviours, new research shows. According to a study by researchers at the Universities of Birmingham and Utrecht, green areas outside prisons can have a positive effect on wellbeing, alongside the proven positive effects of greenspace inside the prison walls.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.01.2022
Computational Models Move Researchers Closer to Tuberculosis Vaccine
Expanse Supercomputer Spotlights Role of Unstable Cells in Response to Infection According to a 2021 World Health Organization report , the global COVID-19 pandemic caused an increase in tuberculosis (TB) deaths - 1.5 million in 2020 versus 1.4 million in 2019 - due to a lack of efficient diagnosis and treatment.

Health - Environment - 13.01.2022
Reducing air pollution: policies that pay off
Every year in France, fine particle pollution (particles with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometres 1 ) leads to the premature death of around 40,000 people. The associated cost is estimated at €100 billion per year. Despite this, public policies to combat air pollution are generally implemented without first assessing their future health and economic impacts.

Health - Physics - 13.01.2022
The unexpected benefits of fat in type 2 diabetes
The unexpected benefits of fat in type 2 diabetes
Scientists from the University of Geneva have discovered that fat may help the pancreas adapt to excess sugar, thereby slowing down the onset of diabetes. With nearly 10% of the world's population affected, type 2 diabetes is a major public health issue. An excessively sedentary lifestyle and a too-caloric diet encourage the development of this metabolic disease by altering the functioning of pancreatic cells and making blood sugar regulation less effective.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.01.2022
Mosquitoes’ mating game discovery provides new clues to combat malaria
Male mosquitoes beat their wings faster when swarming at sunset to better detect females and increase their chance of reproducing, finds a novel study led by UCL scientists. Published in  Science Advances , the findings provide a vital new insight into how mosquitoes, driven by their internal circadian clock, combine changes in wing beats with their acute auditory senses to successfully mate.

Innovation - 13.01.2022
Carbon neutral 'spaceplane' parts to be manufactured at Sydney
Carbon neutral ’spaceplane’ parts to be manufactured at Sydney
The Sydney Manufacturing Hub will develop and manufacture components for a green hydrogen-powered launch vehicle capable of deploying small satellites into low earth orbit.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 13.01.2022
New insights into seasons on a planet outside our solar system
New insights into seasons on a planet outside our solar system
XO-3b, a hot Jupiter on an eccentric orbit. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/R. Hurt (IPAC) Imagine being in a place where the winds are so strong that they move at the speed of sound. That's just one aspect of the atmosphere on XO-3b, one of a class of exoplanets (planets outside our solar system), known as hot Jupiters.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 13.01.2022
A new model for the formation of the lunar crust
In a new study published in Geophysical Research Letters, two scientists - Chloé Michaut from Ecole normale supérieure de Lyon 1 and Jerome A. Neufeld from University of Cambridge 2 , propose a new model of crystallization of the lunar magma ocean where the crystals remain suspended in the lunar interior and the formation of the crust only begins once a critical crystal content is reached.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.01.2022
'It may be possible to prevent MS by means of vaccination.'
’It may be possible to prevent MS by means of vaccination.’
A large-scale study in the scientific journal Science reveals that the Epstein-Barr virus responsible for causing glandular fever is involved in the development of multiple sclerosis. Professor Jens Kuhle, who participated in the project, summarizes the results in an interview. Professor Kuhle, almost everyone is infected with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), usually without symptoms.

Physics - Pharmacology - 13.01.2022
Keeping up with the first law of robotics: A new photonic effect for accelerated drug discovery
Keeping up with the first law of robotics: A new photonic effect for accelerated drug discovery
Physicists at the University of Bath and University of Michigan demonstrate a new photonic effect in semiconducting nanohelices. A new photonic effect in semiconducting helical particles with nanoscale dimensions has been discovered by an international team of scientists led by researchers at the University of Bath.

Health - 13.01.2022
Face masks ’make wearers look more attractive’
Face masks. Two words that have prompted furious debate during the COVID-19 pandemic. The discussion just isn't going away - and now Cardiff University experts have discovered a surprising new reason to mask up. They have published new research which suggests protective face masks make wearers look more attractive.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 13.01.2022
University of Glasgow researchers lend support to major Martian meteorite study
Researchers from the School of Geographical & Earth Sciences have contributed to a new study ­of a Martian meteorite which could provide insights into the reactions that led to the building blocks of life on early Earth. The study, led by the Carnegie Institution for Science and , demonstrates that organic molecules found in a meteorite that hurtled to Earth from Mars were synthesized during interactions between water and rocks that occurred on the Red Planet about 4 billion years ago.

Environment - Chemistry - 13.01.2022
Copper-based chemicals may be contributing to ozone depletion
A copper-based fungicide known as Bourdeaux mixture is applied to vineyards to prevent downy mildew. (iStock image Copper released into the environment from fungicides, brake pads, antifouling paints on boats and other sources may be contributing significantly to stratospheric ozone depletion, according to a new study from the University of California, Berkeley.

Physics - Pharmacology - 13.01.2022
New photonic effect could speed drug development
New photonic effect could speed drug development
Twisted semiconductor nanostructures convert red light into the twisted blue light in tiny volumes, which may help develop chiral drugs Twisted nanoscale semiconductors manipulate light in a new way, researchers at the University of Bath and the University of Michigan have shown. The effect could be harnessed to accelerate the discovery and development of life-saving medicines as well as photonic technologies.

Health - 13.01.2022
Mainstream news more reliable than social, alternative media for accurate health information
People may find it difficult to discern the facts about vaccines with the extensive amount of health misinformation disseminated on websites and social media. Accuracy and truth, according to a new study involving three countries, including the United States, has been found by individuals who rely more on mainstream news.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.01.2022
CBD might help prime cells against COVID
Preparing for an online start to the winter term: for more information. CBD in therapeutic amounts seem to increase the innate anti-viral system of cells readiness to respond to viral infection Synthetic cannabidiol, a non-psychoactive compound also found in the cannabis plant, appears to prime the innate immune system of cells, potentially offering protection against pathogens such as SARS-CoV-2.

Health - Social Sciences - 12.01.2022
New article on evidence and literature around COVID-19 and water demand
COVID-19 has had unprecedented impacts across the international community, with complex and far-reaching consequences. Measures to prevent transmission have led to substantial changes to everyday life, with lock-downs, stay-at-home orders and guidance lead This movement of activity has had profound impacts on daily practices, affecting the consumption of resources including water.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.01.2022
Disordered region of Src protein that regulates its oncogenic capacity
Disordered region of Src protein that regulates its oncogenic capacity
The Src protein takes part in the regulation of many physiological processes such as the survival, migration or cell adhesion as a response to stimuli received from several receptors of the membrane. Although it is demonstrated that its deregulation is involved in the proliferation of cancer in humans, many aspects of this function are still unknown, especially regarding its disordered region.