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Results 61 - 80 of 1840.


Physics - Materials Science - 05.05.2021
A material-keyboard made of graphene
A material-keyboard made of graphene
Researchers at ETH Zurich have succeeded in turning specially prepared graphene flakes either into insulators or into superconductors by applying an electric voltage. This technique even works locally, meaning that in the same graphene flake regions with completely different physical properties can be realized side by side.

Health - 05.05.2021
Even fractures in arm, wrist increase risk for future breaks in postmenopausal women
Current guidelines for managing osteoporosis specifically call out hip or spine fractures for increasing the risk for subsequent bone breaks. But a new UCLA-led study suggests that fractures in the arm, wrist, leg and other parts of the body should also set off alarm bells. A fracture, no matter the location, indicates a general tendency to break a bone in the future at a different location, said Dr. Carolyn Crandall, the study's lead author and a professor of medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.

History / Archeology - 05.05.2021
Scrap for cash before coins
Scrap for cash before coins
Researchers including Göttingen University show Bronze Age witnessed revolution in small change across Europe How did people living in the Bronze Age manage their finances before money became widespread? Researchers from the Universities of Göttingen and Rome have discovered that bronze scrap found in hoards in Europe circulated as a currency.

Materials Science - 05.05.2021
Africa's oldest human burial site uncovered
Africa’s oldest human burial site uncovered
The discovery of the earliest human burial site yet found in Africa, by an international team including several CNRS researchers 1 , has just been announced in the journal Nature . At Panga ya Saidi, in Kenya, north of Mombasa, the body of a three-year-old, dubbed Mtoto (Swahili for 'child') by the researchers, was deposited and buried in an excavated pit approximately 78,000 years ago.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.05.2021
Fundamental regulation mechanism of proteins discovered
Fundamental regulation mechanism of proteins discovered
A research team led by Göttingen University find novel switch in proteins with wide-ranging implications for medical treatments Proteins perform a vast array of functions in the cell of every living organism with critical roles in almost every biological process. Not only do they run our metabolism, manage cellular signaling and are in charge of energy production, as antibodies they are also the frontline workers of our immune system fighting human pathogens like the coronavirus.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 05.05.2021
Sea level rise can be halved this century
Wednesday, May 5, 2021 — New research from a large international group of scientists, including the Physical Geography research group at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel led by Prof Philippe Huybrechts, suggests that sea level rise due to the melting of land ice could be halved this century if we meet the Paris targets to limit global warming to 1.5°C.

Social Sciences - Pharmacology - 05.05.2021
First step to curb COVID vaccine misinformation is finding out who is most vulnerable
The success of Australia's COVID-19 vaccine rollout will depend on everyone's willingness to receive it. But experts have warned vaccine misinformation online puts Australia's communities at risk, and some more than others. Often, misinformation and undue scepticism are spread on social media. In March, the ABC reported on WeChat posts spreading the false claim the Pfizer vaccine can integrate with people's DNA to transform them into "genetically modified humans'.

History / Archeology - Earth Sciences - 05.05.2021
King Henry VIII's favourite ship, the Mary Rose, was made up of a multinational crew
King Henry VIII’s favourite ship, the Mary Rose, was made up of a multinational crew
The biographies of eight crew found among the remains of the Tudor warship Mary Rose have been revealed using the latest archaeological methods. Cardiff University academics, in partnership with the Mary Rose Trust and the British Geological Survey, used cutting edge scientific techniques to reveal the ancestry, childhood origins and diets of some of the crew who perished on the ship in 1545 AD.

Social Sciences - 05.05.2021
Remains from oldest known human burial in Africa discovered
The remains of a partial skeleton dating back 78,000 years have been recovered from a pit in Kenya and are believed to be the earliest evidence of human burial in Africa, according to an international team including academics from UCL. Named 'Mtoto' - meaning child in Swahili - the remains were found to be of a 2.5 to 3-year-old infant, and were discovered by a team of scientists in a shallow grave at Panga ya Saldi, a cave site in the tropical upland coast of Kenya.

Environment - 05.05.2021
Sea level rise: rapid and unstoppable unless Paris Agreement targets met
New research models the impacts on the Antarctic Ice Sheet of several different global warming scenarios and the resulting effects on global sea levels. The study was led by the University of Massachusetts, Amherst and included a researcher from McGill University. The scenarios that were considered range from meeting the Paris Agreement target of 2°C warming and an aspirational 1.5°C scenario to our current course which, if not altered, will yield three or more degrees of warming.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 05.05.2021
FASER is born: new experiment will study particles that interact with dark matter
FASER is born: new experiment will study particles that interact with dark matter
The newest experiment at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, is now in place at the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva. FASER , or F orw a rd S earch E xpe r iment, was approved by CERN's research board in March 2019. Now installed in the LHC tunnel, this experiment, which seeks to understand particles that scientists believe may interact with dark matter, is undergoing tests before data collection commences next year.

Economics / Business - Psychology - 04.05.2021
Loan applications processed around midday more likely to be rejected
Loan applications processed around midday more likely to be rejected
Bank credit officers are more likely to approve loan applications earlier and later in the day, while 'decision fatigue' around midday is associated with defaulting to the safer option of saying no. This is clear evidence that regular breaks during working hours are important for maintaining high levels of performance Tobias Baer These are the findings of a study by researchers in Cambridge's Department of Psychology, published today in the journal Royal Society Open Science .  Decision fatigue is the tiredness caused by having to make difficult decisions over a long period.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 04.05.2021
Pea plants make smart investment decisions that could help inform sustainable agriculture | University of Oxford
Pea plants make smart investment decisions that could help inform sustainable agriculture | University of Oxford
Researchers at the have shown that pea plants are able to make smart investment decisions when it comes to interactions with their symbiotic bacterial partners. Better understanding of how plants manage these interactions could help with the move towards sustainable agriculture.  Researchers at the have shown that pea plants are able to make smart investment decisions when it comes to interactions with their symbiotic bacterial partners.

Criminology / Forensics - Politics - 04.05.2021
Security and violent crime cannot be an argument against humane refugee policies - new study
New research from international academics challenges a myth that progressive policies towards asylum seekers pose a threat to domestic security. Last updated on Tuesday 4 May 2021 Ahead of US President Joe Biden's plan later this month to lift the country's historically low cap on asylum seekers, a new political study finds that liberal, progressive refugee policies do not pose domestic security challenges for states.

Environment - 04.05.2021
Lead found in rural drinking water supplies
Lead found in rural drinking water supplies
Scientists are warning that drinking water supplies in parts of rural West Africa are being contaminated by lead-containing materials used in small community water systems. They included handpumps connected to boreholes and public taps. The researchers analysed scrapings from 61 community water-supply systems in Ghana, Mali, and Niger.

Innovation - 04.05.2021
VUB launches amai! platform to tackle social challenges
Project brings citizens and experts together to develop AI solutions for climate, health, mobility and work Tuesday, May 4, 2021 — The imec-SMIT-VUB Knowledge Centre for Data & Society has launched the artificial intelligence project amai! The goal of the platform, developed with Scivil, the Flemish Knowledge Centre for Citizen Science, is to have experts and citizens develop AI solutions together for important social challenges.

Innovation - Health - 04.05.2021
Insights from colour-blind octopus help fight human sight loss
Insights from colour-blind octopus help fight human sight loss
The basis for this breakthrough was published in the latest issue of the Journal of Experimental Biology and describes new technology developed by lead researcher, Professor Shelby Temple, to measure how well octopuswhich are colour-blind - could detect polarized light, an aspect of light that humans can't readily see.

Physics - 04.05.2021
Wireless broadband connectivity enhanced by a new communication design
A study published in the IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications , by Konstantinos Dovelos and Boris Bellalta, members of the Wireless Networking research group, with the participation of researchers from Queen's University Belfast (UK). Current wireless networks such as Wi-Fi, LTE-Advanced, etc., work in the lower radio spectrum, below 6 GHz.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 04.05.2021
Climate action potential in waste incineration plants
The climate action potential of carbon capture during the processing of biomass feedstock is considerable, ETH Zurich researchers have calculated. If this potential is to be fully exploited in practice, however, there are challenges to overcome.   Over the coming decades, our economy and society will need to dramatically reduce greenhouse gas emissions as called for in the Paris Agreement.

Environment - Life Sciences - 04.05.2021
Northern Red Sea corals pass heat stress test with flying colors
Northern Red Sea corals pass heat stress test with flying colors
Scientists are beginning to understand why corals in the Gulf of Aqaba, along with their symbiotic algae and bacteria, resist higher temperatures particularly well. Even under the most optimistic scenarios, most of the coral reef ecosystems on our planet - whether in Australia, the Maldives or the Caribbean - will have disappeared or be in very bad shape by the end of this century.