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Results 61 - 80 of 1719.

Life Sciences - Environment - 14.10.2019
Conclusive sighting of rare whale confirmed
Conclusive sighting of rare whale confirmed
The first conclusive evidence of a rare whale species - the True's beaked whale (Mesoplodon mirus) - inhabiting a region of the North East Atlantic has been confirmed by a research team involving UCL. Images taken during a wildlife photography trip in the Bay of Biscay in July 2018 have given conservationists the opportunity to study this species in exquisite new detail.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 14.10.2019
Fishing for the triple bottom line: profit, planet - and people
Fisheries managers typically strive to strike a delicate balance between two, often competing, types of needs: the needs for fishermen's profits and the needs for the planet. But in 1994, entrepreneur John Elkington posited that true sustainability requires consideration of a third "P" - the needs of the people.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.10.2019
The electric switches in our brain need lipids
Our brain cells, and more specifically the channel proteins in the cell wall, need lipids - or fat - to function properly. These are the findings of an international study led by the Laboratory of Structural Neurobiology at KU Leuven. The researchers identified the structure of these proteins in the presence of a lipid molecule at the atomic level for the first time.

Earth Sciences - 14.10.2019
Clay minerals call the shots with carbon
Clay minerals call the shots with carbon
Clay minerals suspended in seawater binds sedimentary organic carbon to their mineral surfaces. But the quantity of carbon that is bound and the source of that carbon very much depends on the clay mineral in question. A research team from ETH Zurich and Tongji University have shown this by studying sediments in the South China Sea.

Psychology - 14.10.2019
Young children have intuitions of great teachers
Even at a young age, children know that deciding what to teach is as important as knowing how to teach. This innate ability to instruct each other could explain why humans are so adaptable. Human are incredible learners, in part because they are also accomplished teachers. Even at a very early age, people are adept at instructing others.

Environment - 14.10.2019
How uncertainty in scientific predictions can help and harm credibility
The ways climate scientists explain their predictions about the impact of global warming can either promote or limit their persuasiveness. The more specific climate scientists are about the uncertainties of global warming, the more the American public trusts their predictions, according to new research by Stanford scholars.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.10.2019
Unlocking the Biochemical Treasure Chest Within Microbes
Unlocking the Biochemical Treasure Chest Within Microbes
Secondary metabolites - the compounds produced by microbes to mediate internal and external messaging, self-defense, and chemical warfare - are the basis for hundreds of invaluable agricultural, industrial, and medical products. And given the increasing pace of discovery of new, potentially valuable secondary metabolites, it's clear that microbes have a great deal more to offer.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.10.2019
Yale faculty pioneer development and testing of portable MRI device
Yale researchers have agreed to develop, deploy, and test a new portable MRI scanner, a device its developer hopes will cost a fraction of that of traditional MRIs and make the new imaging technology available in clinics in the U.S. and around the world. The device, called Portable Point-of Care MRI System, was developed by Hyperfine Research Inc.

Physics - Music - 14.10.2019
Super light dampers for low tones
Super light dampers for low tones
A team of Empa acoustic researchers has built macroscopic crystal structures that use internal rotation to attenuate the propagation of waves. The method makes it possible to build very light and stiff materials that can also "swallow" low frequencies very well, as they report Communicatons. The world of crystals offers many interesting properties: crystals can strike electric sparks in disposable lighters, for example, they can produce polarized light and they can scatter bundled X-rays into thousands of individual reflexes that are refracted in all spatial directions.

Social Sciences - 14.10.2019
How Does Interracial Contact in Childhood Impact Adult Interracial Relationships?
Findings by Researchers at the University of Antwerp, the Paris School of Economics, and Freie Universität Berlin No 299/2019 from Oct 14, 2019 According to a recent study, interracial contact in childhood leads to more diverse social relationships in adulthood. In particular, racial composition in schools impacts romantic relationships later in life.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.10.2019
Stem cell researchers identify possible mechanism of neurocognitive problems in Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Research at KU Leuven suggests a cause for the neurodevelopmental disturbances experienced by a third of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The discovery suggests possible underlying mechanisms of these problems, which appear targetable by therapeutic interventions in a cellular model.  Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an inherited neuromuscular disorder in which the muscles, including the heart and respiratory muscles, progressively become weaker.

Social Sciences - Pharmacology - 14.10.2019
Wastewater reveals socioeconomic link to diet and drug consumption
Wastewater reveals socioeconomic link to diet and drug consumption
The consumption of caffeine, citrus, vitamin B and dietary fibre is higher in communities with higher socioeconomic status, according to new research from The University of Queensland. A study led by Queensland Alliance for Environmental Health Sciences (QAEHS) researchers uses wastewater to show the correlation between socioeconomics and diet and drug consumption.

Environment - 14.10.2019
Making conservation ’contagious’
New research reveals conservation initiatives often spread like disease, a fact which can help scientists and policymakers design programs more likely to be taken up. The study, including University of Queensland researchers, modelled how conservation initiatives are adopted until they reach “scale” - a level where they can have real impact on conserving or improving biodiversity.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.10.2019
Sperm and egg cell 'immune response' protects koala DNA
Sperm and egg cell ’immune response’ protects koala DNA
Discovery of a type of immunity that protects koalas' DNA from viruses has importance for the survival of koalas and our fundamental understanding of evolution. A team of scientists from The University of Queensland and University of Massachusetts Medical School are studying tissue samples from koalas to understand how a unique type of cell responds to retrovirus infections, which cause diseases such as chlamydia and cancer.

Health - 14.10.2019
Reveals how mucus tames microbes
Reveals how mucus tames microbes
Specialized sugar molecules called glycans can disarm opportunistic pathogens and prevent infection. Washington Post reporter Ben Guarino writes that a new study by MIT researchers finds that mucus contains sugars that keep potentially harmful germs in check. Graduate student Kelsey Wheeler explains that the study identified that the sugars grafted to the mucins "is responsible for suppressing antagonistic microbial behaviors."

Life Sciences - Computer Science / Telecom - 14.10.2019
"Virtual microscopes" freely accessible, thanks to USI’s contribution
Molecular dynamics simulations represent an increasingly important cornerstone of modern scientific research, thanks to their unparalleled ability to meticulously describe fundamental aspects of complex systems. It is not a coincidence that nowadays molecular simulations are considered a "virtual microscope" from which admire and examine biological processes, as well as confirm through "computational assays" innovative hypotheses which provide the basis for designing new experiments.

Sport - 12.10.2019
Eliud Kipchoge just broke the marathon's two-hour barrier, and KU Leuven research helped him do it
Eliud Kipchoge just broke the marathon’s two-hour barrier, and KU Leuven research helped him do it
Kipchoge broke the record thanks to a special arrangement of runners, among other things. Professor Bert Blocken (KU Leuven/TU Eindhoven) confirmed the superior performance of this formation with wind tunnel tests and computer simulations. Kenyan athlete Eliud Kipchoge has become the first person to ever complete a marathon within two hours.

Life Sciences - Linguistics / Literature - 11.10.2019
Seven Questions with Claudia Cannavo
This week we catch up with Neuroscience PhD student Claudia, who shares with us her favourite musical in London, experience meeting fellow Neurology scientists in Paris and top spot in the city for finding inspiration to write. What are you studying, why are you interested in this subject and what do you plan to do in the future?  I am currently doing a PhD in Neuroscience researching Alzheimer's disease.

Life Sciences - Environment - 11.10.2019
Best way to protect ocean fisheries’ Let nations profit from them
Overfishing is a major problem for the world's oceans, but a strategy adopted nearly 50 years ago has helped protect fisheries: giving nations exclusive rights to waters 200 miles offshore and letting them police their own fish stocks. A study by UC Berkeley graduate student Gabriel Englander shows that the nations that reap the most value from fisheries within their exclusive economic zones (EEZs) are the most effective at keeping other nations out.

Life Sciences - Microtechnics - 11.10.2019
DeepFly3D: the deep-learning way to design fly-like robots
DeepFly3D: the deep-learning way to design fly-like robots
EPFL scientists have developed a deep-learning based motion-capture software that uses multiple camera views to model the movements of a fly in three dimensions. The ultimate aim is to use this knowledge to design fly-like robots. "Just think about what a fly can do," says Professor Pavan Ramdya, whose lab at EPFL's Brain Mind Institute , with the lab of Professor Pascal Fua at EPFL's Institute for Computer Science, led the study.

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