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Health - 03.12.2018
Prenatal exposure to chemicals in personal care products may speed puberty in girls
Prenatal exposure to chemicals in personal care products may speed puberty in girls
Girls exposed to chemicals commonly found in toothpaste, makeup, soap and other personal care products before birth may hit puberty earlier, according to a new longitudinal study led by researchers at UC Berkeley. The results, which were published Dec. 4 in the journal Human Reproduction , came from data collected as part of the Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) study, which followed 338 children from before birth to adolescence to document how early environmental exposures affect childhood development.

Physics - Life Sciences - 03.12.2018
Nanoscale tweezers can perform single-molecule ’biopsies’ on individual cells
Using electrical impulses, the 'tweezers' can extract single DNA, proteins and organelles from living cells without destroying them. We are continuously expanding our knowledge on how cells function, but many unanswered questions remain. This is especially true for individual cells that are of the same type, such as brain, muscle or fat cells, but have very different compositions at the single-molecule level.

Life Sciences - Physics - 03.12.2018
Simple yet powerful model predicts DNA organization
Stanford researchers built a computer model to simulate how DNA is packaged in the nucleus, allowing them to do computational experiments that would be impractical at the lab bench. Facebook Twitter Email Scientists often try to understand important processes in the cell by interfering and observing what happens.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 03.12.2018
LIGO and Virgo announce four new gravitational-wave detections
University of Glasgow physicists are closing out 2018 with the publication of a wealth of new gravitational wave data collected during the first two observing runs of the LIGO and Virgo detectors. video In a new paper just published online, scientists from the LIGO and Virgo research collaborations present data from a total of 10 stellar-mass binary black hole mergers and one merger of neutron stars.

Computer Science / Telecom - 03.12.2018
Research helps move maths app from Africa to schools in the UK
A transformative educational app developed by onebillion that was researched by the University of Nottingham has moved from trials in Africa to schools across England. Professor Nicola Pitchford from the University of Nottingham has led the research for this project and joined International Development Minister Harriett Baldwin at a school to see the onebillion app in action, helping children improve their numeracy skills.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 03.12.2018
Scientists detect biggest known black-hole collision
Scientists detect biggest known black-hole collision
An international team of scientists have detected ripples in space and time, known as gravitational waves, from the biggest known black-hole collision that formed a new black hole about 80 times larger than the Sun - and from another three black-hole mergers. ANU is playing a lead role in Australia's involvement with the gravitational wave discovery through a partnership in the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO), which is based in the United States.

Physics - Innovation / Technology - 03.12.2018
New quantum materials could take computers beyond the semiconductor era
New quantum materials could take computers beyond the semiconductor era
Researchers from Intel Corp. and UC Berkeley are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. In a paper appearing online Dec.

Psychology - Health - 03.12.2018
Hang in there. As couples age, humor replaces bickering
Honeymoon long over? Hang in there. A new UC Berkeley study shows those prickly disagreements that can mark the early and middle years of marriage mellow with age as conflicts give way to humor and acceptance. Researchers analyzed videotaped conversations between 87 middle-aged and older husbands and wives who had been married for 15 to 35 years, and tracked their emotional interactions over the course of 13 years.

Health - 03.12.2018
Global map of HIV reveals challenge to vaccine development
A study to be published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases on World AIDS Day shows the extraordinary global genetic diversity of HIV and highlights just how big the challenge is to develop a vaccine to combat the global spread of HIV. One of the most comprehensive studies of HIV around the world has revealed a map of the spread of subtypes of the virus across the world, revealing which strains are dominant in which country and region, and where new strains are emerging.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.12.2018
Genes tied to dementia in key early step toward new therapies
Genes tied to dementia in key early step toward new therapies
A UCLA-led research team has identified genetic processes involved in the neurodegeneration that occurs in dementia — an important step on the path toward developing therapies that could slow or halt the course of the disease. The findings appear today Medicine. The researchers discovered two major groups of genes involved in mutations that result in an overproduction of a protein called tau, a hallmark of the progressive loss of neurons seen in major forms of dementia.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 03.12.2018
New drug combination could be more effective against melanoma
New drug combination could be more effective against melanoma
Chemists discover an unexpected synergy between two types of cancer drugs. A class of cancer drugs called protein kinase inhibitors is one of the most effective treatments for melanoma. However, in many cases, tumors eventually become resistant to the drugs and cause a relapse in the patient. A new study from MIT suggests that combining kinase inhibitors with experimental drugs known as ribonucleases could lead to better results.

Environment - Life Sciences - 03.12.2018
Surprising discovery of pollutants in gammarids
Surprising discovery of pollutants in gammarids
The water in Swiss streams is contaminated with numerous micropollutants. However, very little research has been carried out to determine how these trace substances affect organisms in bodies of water. An Eawag research group has been able to show for the first time on a large scale that such trace substances accumulate in gammarids and possibly have a negative effect on them.

Pharmacology - Health - 03.12.2018
Longer-term follow-up data demonstrate sustained benefit of polatuzumab vedotin-based treatment in relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
Polatuzumab vedotin in combination with MabThera/Rituxan (rituximab) plus bendamustine more than doubled overall survival, compared to MabThera/Rituxan plus bendamustine alone in the phase Ib/II GO29365 study Polatuzumab vedotin has the potential to provide a promising new treatment option at first relapse Results from the GO29365 study, the first and only randomised study to suggest a survival benefit for patients not eligible for a haematopoie

Health - 03.12.2018
A third of hospitalised adolescents with life-threatening anorexia are not thin
Health workers are being urged to closely monitor adolescents losing weight after a study of patients with anorexia nervosa found 31 per cent had all the cognitive features and physical complications of the disease without being underweight. Dietitian Melissa Whitelaw is calling for a change to anorexia nervosa's diagnostic criteria after finding that patients with "atypical anorexia" suffer serious health concerns despite being within or above the healthy weight range.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.11.2018
Experimental cancer drug shows promise for Parkinson’s
A drug originally developed for prostate cancer may have exciting potential for treating Parkinson's. The study, funded by Parkinson's UK, suggests that the drug, tasquinimod, which is not yet on the market, works by controlling genes that may cause Parkinson's. This happens when the drug interacts with a protein inside brain cells.

Veterinary Science - 30.11.2018
Stanford University statement on wrestling investigation
Facebook Twitter Email The safety and wellbeing of our students, including student-athletes, is vitally important to Stanford. We take this commitment deeply seriously in all of our programs and activities. Stanford's Title IX Office has completed a sexual harassment investigation into concerns from some former wrestling team members regarding conduct in a Stanford locker room a number of years ago.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 30.11.2018
Study witnesses first moments of star dying in finest detail
Study witnesses first moments of star dying in finest detail
An international research team including The Australian National University (ANU) has used the Kepler space telescope in coordination with ground-based telescopes to witness the first moments of a star dying in unprecedented detail. The astronomers witnessed the star dying a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, as part of a project that aims to solve the mystery of how stars explode.

Physics - Careers / Employment - 30.11.2018
Ten projects awarded
ETH researchers had excellent results in the issuing of ERC grants: they were able to win 10 Consolidator Grants in the amount of 24 million Swiss francs for their research. Researchers from ETH Zurich have never before been able to win so many ERC Consolidator Grants in one round as they managed to this time.

Health - 30.11.2018
First UK estimates of children who could have conditions caused by drinking in pregnancy revealed
Up to 17 per cent of children could have symptoms consistent with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) according to new research published today (Friday 30 November) in Preventative Medicine. The UK has the fourth highest level of prenatal alcohol use in the world, but no estimates existed from a population-based study on how many people may have FASD.

Environment - 30.11.2018
Virtual reality aids in environmental education
Stanford researchers took a virtual reality experience into a variety of educational settings, including high school classrooms, to test the impact on awareness and understanding of ocean acidification. Facebook Twitter Email Utter the words "ocean acidification" in mixed company, and you'll probably get blank stares.