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Results 81 - 100 of 1501.

Life Sciences - Pedagogy/Education Science
13.02.2018
Back-and-forth exchanges boost children's brain response to language
Back-and-forth exchanges boost children’s brain response to language
A landmark 1995 study found that children from higher-income families hear about 30 million more words during their first three years of life than children from lower-income families. This "30-million-word gap" correlates with significant differences in tests of vocabulary, language development, and reading comprehension.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
12.02.2018
Scientists develop low-cost way to build gene sequences
Scientists develop low-cost way to build gene sequences
A new technique pioneered by UCLA researchers could enable scientists in any typical biochemistry laboratory to make their own gene sequences for only about $2 per gene. Researchers now generally buy gene sequences from commercial vendors for $50 to $100 per gene. The approach, DropSynth, which is described in the January issue of the journal Science, makes it possible to produce thousands of genes at once.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Chemistry
12.02.2018
Lung cancer drug resistance explained by computer simulations
Lung cancer drug resistance explained by computer simulations
Scientists from the Universities of Bristol and Parma, Italy, have used molecular simulations to understand resistance to osimertinib - an anticancer drug used to treat types of lung cancer. Osimertinib binds tightly to a protein, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which is overexpressed in many tumours.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
12.02.2018
Illuminating the hidden kingdom of the truffle
Truffles are one of the world's most expensive ingredients, and also one of the most mysterious. Now, with the help of a 170-year-old 'living laboratory', and a dog called Lucy, researchers hope to unearth new understanding of the secret life of these underground delicacies.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
12.02.2018
Penn Chemists Develop Motion Capture-like Technology for Tracking Protein Shape
In many modern animated movies, the trick to achieving realistic movements for individual characters and objects lies in motion-capture technology. This process often involves someone wearing a tracking suit covered in small, colored balls while a camera captures the position of those colored balls, which is then used to represent how the person is moving.
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
12.02.2018
From Belgrade to Berkeley: A Postdoctoral Researcher's Path in Particle Physics
From Belgrade to Berkeley: A Postdoctoral Researcher’s Path in Particle Physics
Berkeley Lab's Aleksandra Dimitrievska is working on a next-gen particle detector for CERN's Large Hadron Collider After completing her Ph.D. thesis in calculating the mass of the W boson - an elementary particle that mediates one of the universe's fundamental forces - physics researcher Aleksandra Dimitrievska is now testing out components for a scheduled upgrade of the world's largest particle detectors.
Physics/Materials Science
12.02.2018
Narrowing in on the W Boson Mass
Note: This article is adapted from a Brookhaven National Laboratory article. View the original article. -By Sarah Charley, U.S.-CERN/Fermilab VIDEO: The ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson, using data from proton-proton collisions at 7 TeV.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
12.02.2018
Pioneering technique helps people with schizophrenia control brain activity
For the first time, new research shows people with schizophrenia can train themselves to control brain regions linked to verbal hallucinations, using an MRI scanner and a computerised rocket game. The pilot study by researchers at King's College London's Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN) and the University of Roehampton suggests the new technique might help patients who don't respond to medication learn to control their symptoms.
Environment/Sustainable Development
12.02.2018
Lightning storms less likely in a warming planet, study suggests
Lightning storms less likely in a warming planet, study suggests
Lightning may strike less often in future across the globe as the planet warms, a scientific study suggests. The research forecasts a 15 per cent drop in the average number of lightning flashes worldwide by the turn of this century, if global temperatures are in the top range of forecasts. A drop in the incidence of lightning strikes could impact on the frequency of wildfires, especially in tropical regions.
Medicine/Pharmacology
12.02.2018
Marissa King on how better healthcare teamwork saves lives: SOM Insights
Poor coordination among members of a healthcare team can lead to higher costs and complications including death. By gathering and analyzing real-time data about how team members interact, Yale SOM's Marissa King and her collaborators investigated whether a dedicated care coordinator can help improve outcomes-and in the process, learned just how delicate team dynamics can be.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
12.02.2018
Imaging at Paul Scherrer Intitute helps to increase production at ABB site in Aaargau
Imaging at Paul Scherrer Intitute helps to increase production at ABB site in Aaargau
The ABB facility in Wettingen, Aargau, got practical recommendations on increasing output in the manufacture of ceramic components. The ceramics in question are voltage-dependent resistors used in overvoltage protectors - a kind of lightning protection system - for example, in electrical transmission lines.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
12.02.2018
Chemical waves guide to catalysts of the future
Chemical waves guide to catalysts of the future
Spectacular electron microscope images at TU Wien lead to important findings: Chemical reactions can produce spiral-like multi-frequency waves and thus provide local information about catalysts. They appear almost hypnotic, like a lava lamp. The waves made visible at TU Wien using a photoemission electron microscope cover the surface of rhodium foil with bizarre patterns which dance around on the surface.
Medicine/Pharmacology
12.02.2018
Opioids for muscle and joint pain in older people may be harmful
A new study has shown that opioids offer older people with muscle and joint pain little benefit, whilst significantly increasing the risk of serious negative side effects. A University of Sydney study has shown that opioids offer older people with muscle and joint pain little benefit, whilst significantly increasing the risk of serious negative side effects.
Medicine/Pharmacology
12.02.2018
Millennials want to marry, buy homes by same time as other generations
New research from the Stanford Center on Longevity shows that the ideal time for life events, such as marriage and home ownership, has remained relatively constant across generations. Millennials - young adults in their 20s and 30s - are marrying, buying homes and starting families later in life. But just because they are postponing these major life events does not mean they want to.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
09.02.2018
New Process Allows 3-D Printing of Nanoscale Metal Structures
New Process Allows 3-D Printing of Nanoscale Metal Structures
Synthesizing organic scaffolds that contain metal ions enables 3-D printing of metallic structures that are orders of magnitude smaller than previously possible For the first time, it is possible to create complex nanoscale metal structures using 3-D printing, thanks to a new technique developed at Caltech.
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
09.02.2018
Astrophysicists settle century-old cosmic debate on magnetism of planets and stars
Three-dimensional FLASH simulation of the experimental platform, performed on the Mira supercomputer. Shown are renderings of the simulated magnetic fields before the flows collide. The universe is highly magnetic, with everything from stars to planets to galaxies producing their own magnetic fields.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
09.02.2018
Research uncovers the mysterious lives of narwhals
Research uncovers the mysterious lives of narwhals
Narwhals are some of the most elusive creatures in the ocean, spending most of their lives in deep water far from shore. But research being presented at the Ocean Sciences Meeting in Portland Feb. 12 may shed a bit of light on these enigmatic marine mammals. New research shows narwhals may prefer to congregate near unique glacier fjords with thick ice fronts and low to moderate calving activity, where icebergs break off infrequently.
Environment/Sustainable Development
09.02.2018
MPs need better support to talk to their constituents about climate change, study finds
MPs need better support to talk to their constituents about climate change, study finds
Many politicians want to see action on climate change but some admit they avoid mentioning it to their constituents because they do not think their views will be supported, according to new research based on interviews with MPs. The study by Rebecca Willis at Lancaster University and think tank Green Alliance, says politicians face major challenges getting people engaged in what is often seen as a global issue rather than a local one.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
09.02.2018
Preventing fibrosis
Researchers at Cardiff University and the Wales Kidney Research Unit have discovered a potential new method for preventing the process that causes scar formation in organs. The new research, in collaboration with the University of Exeter and the Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute, involves altering the cells responsible for wound healing and tissue repair and could lead to treatments that would prevent and even reverse organ fibrosis - a major cause of illness and death around the world.
Business/Economics
09.02.2018
Modeling human behavior with Airbnb
Modeling human behavior with Airbnb
Researchers at Idiap and EPFL have been working with psychologists to understand how people form first impressions from photos.