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Computer Science - 15.04.2024
Making virtual lighting more realistic for humans
Doctoral student Justine Giroux is working on a virtual lighting quality assessment system that takes human perception into account . The Research Samples series recounts the experiences of members of the student research community. They share a glimpse into their graduate projects. Justine Giroux, a doctoral student in the Faculty of Science and Engineering, is interested in the human perception of virtual lighting, which is used in a number of artistic fields.

Physics - Chemistry - 15.04.2024
'Revealing images that seemed lost forever:' Western research revives 1800s photos
’Revealing images that seemed lost forever:’ Western research revives 1800s photos
Techniques developed by researchers from Western University to create images from old, badly tarnished photographs could also be used to study other historic artifacts and fossils and prevent corrosion on modern materials. Chemistry professor T.K. Sham Chemistry professor Tson-Kong (T.K.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.04.2024
Millions of gamers advance biomedical research
Millions of gamers advance biomedical research
Leveraging gamers and video game technology can dramatically boost scientific research according to a new study published today in Nature Biotechnology . 4.5 million gamers around the world have advanced medical science by helping to reconstruct microbial evolutionary histories using a minigame included inside the critically and commercially successful video game, Borderlands 3 .

Environment - Innovation - 15.04.2024
Global North energy outsourcing demands more attention
Global North energy outsourcing demands more attention
Outsourcing energy-intensive industrial processes to Global South is creating problems for our planet Manufacturing nations in the Global North are stockpiling energy and emission problems by outsourcing energy-intensive industrial processes to countries in the Global South, a new study reveals. Global North countries use their advantages in capital and technology to grab a large amount of energy through outsourcing - creating a 'false decoupling' of energy consumption from economic growth.

Astronomy / Space - 15.04.2024
Research During Solar Eclipse Could Shed Light on Shadow Bands
Clouds hid most of the April 8 solar eclipse for Carnegie Mellon University  physics  senior Norris Bach. But from his vantage in rural Texas Hill Country he still had a thrill. Bach was there with a team of researchers chasing a phenomenon known as shadow bands. "The view from the ground was obscured by a dense layer of clouds," Bach said.

Religions - 15.04.2024
Q&A: How claims of anti-Christian bias can serve as racial dog whistles
In a speech to a group of religious broadcasters in February, Donald Trump promised to create a task force to counter "anti-Christian bias," which he said would investigate the "discrimination, harassment and persecution against Christians in America." It's not the first time Trump has claimed that Christians are being persecuted, and he's not alone.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.04.2024
Muting tinnitus
Research on tinnitus, a recent investigative field, is now enabling a clearer understanding of the causes and effects of this symptom that affects nearly eight million people in France. Buzzing, hissing, creaking, ringing, clicking or humming; according to a recent French study, although 23 million French people over the age of 15 have experienced tinnitus once in their lives, between four and seven million of them suffer from it on a permanent basis.

Computer Science - Psychology - 13.04.2024
AI can write you a poem and edit your video. Now, it can help you be funnier
AI can write you a poem and edit your video. Now, it can help you be funnier
University of Sydney researchers have developed an AI application using cartoons from The New Yorker to help people be funnier. University of Sydney researchers have used an AI-assisted application to help people write cartoon captions for cartoons published in The New Yorker Cartoon Caption Contest.

Chemistry - Environment - 12.04.2024
Will plastics soon be easier to degrade?
Will plastics soon be easier to degrade?
A research team has developed a new type of polymer, the main component of plastics, which is more easily degradable than conventional materials. Mechanical treatment such as grinding, combined with the use of an alkaline solution, is all that's needed to facilitate chemical recycling and reduce environmental impact .

History / Archeology - Computer Science - 12.04.2024
Prehistoric eyed idols spread across the Iberian Peninsula from the Serpis River basin, according to a study with Artificial Intelligence
Prehistoric eyed idols spread across the Iberian Peninsula from the Serpis River basin, according to a study with Artificial Intelligence
A Digital Archaeology pioneering study has revealed that the eyed idols of the Iberian Peninsula, prehistoric figures carved from long bones that represent eye-shaped motifs, had their original focus in the south of the current province of Valencia and the north from that of Alicante, specifically the basin of the Serpis river, and from there they expanded to those of the Tajo-Jůcar rivers, and also towards the Segura-Guadiana.

Astronomy / Space - Health - 12.04.2024
For future space missions: Scientists develop hood to measure brain activity in space
For future space missions: Scientists develop hood to measure brain activity in space
Prof. Patrique Fiedler and his team at the Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics (BMTI) at TU Ilmenau are working on an EEG system suitable for use in space. It is intended to accompany astronauts on long-term missions in order to recognize and counteract limitations in their performance in good time.

Physics - Chemistry - 12.04.2024
The energy transition under the nanoscope: Gravitation funding for ANION
Bringing together chemists and physicists to thoroughly investigate how electrochemical processes work on the smallest scale. That is the goal of the new Advanced Nano-electrochemistry Institute of the Netherlands, or ANION for short. The consortium receives a Gravitation funding of 23.6 million euros for this purpose.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 12.04.2024
Stellar winds of three sun-like stars detected for the first time
Stellar winds of three sun-like stars detected for the first time
Astrophysicists were able to quantify the mass loss of stars via their stellar winds An international research team led by a researcher from the University of Vienna has for the first time directly detected stellar winds from three Sun-like stars by recording the X-ray emission from their astrospheres, and placed constraints on the mass loss rate of the stars via their stellar winds.

Materials Science - Physics - 12.04.2024
Quantum electronics: Charge travels like light in bilayer graphene
Quantum electronics: Charge travels like light in bilayer graphene
International research team show potential for nanoscale transistors in all-carbon film An international research team led by the University of Göttingen has demonstrated experimentally that electrons in naturally occurring double-layer graphene move like particles without any mass, in the same way that light travels.

Environment - 12.04.2024
Storks fly with a little help from their friends
With long legs and large wings, the white stork is a prominent star of the pageant that is animal migration. Flying from Europe towards Africa in autumn, and then back again in spring, birds can be seen taking to the sky in conspicuous flocks that herald the changing of the seasons. Now, a study from the Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior in Konstanz, Germany, has an explanation for how this collective phenomenon forms: the storks are choosing to fly together.

Innovation - Physics - 11.04.2024
Advance in light-based computing shows capabilities for future smart cameras
Advance in light-based computing shows capabilities for future smart cameras
Science + Technology UCLA-developed experimental device demonstrates ability to reduce glare in images Key takeaways Optical computing research aims to produce energy-efficient technologies that use particles of light, called photons, in ways conceptually similar to how electronic computers use electrons.

Microtechnics - 11.04.2024
How to have a more natural conversation with a robot
How to have a more natural conversation with a robot
New Waterloo Engineering-led research quickens the response time for robots to react to human conversation Talking to a robot often feels stilted or delayed, thanks to computer software trying to keep up with the conversation. However, new research from the University of Waterloo has improved the ability for humans to communicate naturally with humanoid robots.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.04.2024
Study Lays the Basis for New Knowledge on Gastrointestinal Diseases
Study Lays the Basis for New Knowledge on Gastrointestinal Diseases
The transition from the esophagus to the stomach is a delicate region from a medical point of view, often associated with pathological disorders leading to cancer. An international research team has now gained new insights into this region. These pave the way for new prevention and treatment options.

Environment - Health - 11.04.2024
Study improves understanding of effects of household air pollution during pregnancy
In a new study, researchers from Oxford's Nuffield Department of Women's & Reproductive Health have found that pregnant mothers' exposure to air pollution from indoor stoves did not affect the development of their babies in any statistically significant way, challenging conventional wisdom regarding the impact of household air pollution on fetal growth.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.04.2024
Study unpicks why childhood maltreatment continues to impact on mental and physical health into adulthood
Study unpicks why childhood maltreatment continues to impact on mental and physical health into adulthood
Childhood maltreatment can continue to have an impact long into adulthood because of how it effects an individual's risk of poor physical health and traumatic experiences many years later, a new study has found.