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Health - Pharmacology - 18.05.2020
To identify markers that could predict COVID-19 outcome
COVID-19 is the UK's largest public health crisis since World War II. There is an urgent need to identify why some patients with the virus do very well whereas others need to be admitted to intensive care and may die from the disease. A new observational study aimed at identifying markers that predict how COVID-19 affects patients is being led by clinicians and academics at North Bristol NHS Trust and the University of Bristol.

Social Sciences - Health - 18.05.2020
Migrant sexual violence survivors face global COVID-19 threat
Forced migrant survivors of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) face increasingly serious problems - some life-threatening - as a result of the coronavirus pandemic and associated restrictions, a new study reveals. Researchers found COVID-19's impact on these people - largely women - and organisations supporting them in the UK, Turkey, Tunisia, Sweden and Australia creates difficulties in daily life that also increase their vulnerability to further abuse and exploitation.

Health - Social Sciences - 18.05.2020
Finds overwhelming support for smoke-free policies among L.A. tenants, landlords
Half of apartment dwellers in Los Angeles report having been exposed to unwanted secondhand smoke in their homes in the last year, and 9 in 10 of them say they favor policies banning smoking from their buildings, a new study by researchers at the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research reveals. Owners of multiunit housing properties in Los Angeles also expressed strong support, with 92% saying they favor smoke-free policies, according to the study, which surveyed more than 5,000 tenants and owners in some of the city's most densely populated areas.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 18.05.2020
The Dance of Jupiter’s Moons
Four hundred years ago, the astronomer Galileo Galilei announced his discovery of four moons orbiting around the planet Jupiter, each seen as a distinct white dot through his telescope. However, only in the span of the last four decades have astronomers been able to study the Jovian moons in detail to reveal that the four-Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto-are fascinating worlds of their own.

Computer Science - Pharmacology - 18.05.2020
AI successfully used to identify different types of brain injuries
AI successfully used to identify different types of brain injuries
Researchers at Imperial College London and Cambridge have developed an AI algorithm that can detect and identify different types of brain injuries. The researchers found that their machine learning algorithm was able to detect, segment, quantify and differentiate between types of brain lesions using images of CT scans.

Life Sciences - Environment - 18.05.2020
Big-brained minnows of tomorrow could face cognitive challenges in warmer waters
Climate change could leave freshwater fish with bigger brains but a reduced ability to effectively explore their surroundings, scientists have found. In order to survive, the world's aquatic life will need to adapt to the warmer waters which global heating will produce in the coming decades. New research by University of Glasgow biologists suggests that the physiological changes fish will undergo in warmer rivers might require them to trade brains for brawn, with potentially challenging consequences.

Linguistics / Literature - 18.05.2020
Secrets of famous French painter revealed
The mystery behind a painting by a renowned French post-impressionist may have been revealed by new research that has unearthed secrets from his past. Research by our School of Modern Languages and Cultures has given us a new understanding of Pierre Bonnard's relationship with his wife and model Marthe Bonnard, and explains some of the negative stories about her after her death.

Environment - Life Sciences - 18.05.2020
Analysis of 10,000 bird species reveals how wings adapted to their environment and behaviour
Analysis of 10,000 bird species reveals how wings adapted to their environment and behaviour
Bird wings adapted for long-distance flight are linked to their environment and behaviour, according to new research on an extensive database of wing measurements, led by the University of Bristol. The Arctic tern flies from the Arctic to the Antarctic and back again each year, while the Inaccessible Island rail - the world's smallest flightless bird - never leaves its five-square-mile island.

Environment - Life Sciences - 18.05.2020
45,000 bird wing measurements reveal where the best fliers live
45,000 bird wing measurements reveal where the best fliers live
How adapted birds are to flying is linked to their lifestyle and environment, according to new research on the shape of their wings. By examining the wings of more than 45,000 birds from 10,000 species, researchers have shown that birds living at higher latitudes are more able to disperse - to move over a wide area.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.05.2020
Finds that aging neurons accumulate DNA damage
Finds that aging neurons accumulate DNA damage
Reactivating an enzyme that promotes DNA repair can help to reverse age-related cognitive decline in mice. MIT neuroscientists have discovered that an enzyme called HDAC1 is critical for repairing age-related DNA damage to genes involved in memory and other cognitive functions. This enzyme is often diminished in both Alzheimer's patients and normally aging adults.

Environment - Life Sciences - 18.05.2020
Environmental disturbances affect large species the most
Environmental disturbances affect large species the most
A fundamental characteristic of ecological communities is that small animals are more abundant than large ones. These "ecological pyramids" are found in both terrestrial and aquatic systems. Depending on the position of the organisms in the pyramid, their ecological functions differ and they react differently to human impact.

Life Sciences - 18.05.2020
Eavesdropping crickets drop from the sky to evade capture from bats
Eavesdropping crickets drop from the sky to evade capture from bats
Sword-tailed crickets of Barro Colorado Island, Panama, are quite unlike many of their nocturnal, flying-insect neighbours. Instead of employing a variety of responses to bat calls of varying amplitudes, these crickets simply stop in mid-air, effectively dive-bombing out of harm's way. The higher the bat call amplitude, the longer they cease flight and further they fall.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 18.05.2020
Find more satisfaction by changing daily routines, study says
Published Monday , the study was conducted prior to the onset of the coro rus pandemic that has limited human movements around the globe. But the researchers believe it may offer insights for those confined to their homes and limited in their interactions by the guidelines and restrictions from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Chemistry - Health - 18.05.2020
Making an impact through chemical engineering
Making an impact through chemical engineering
Hadley Sikes designs simple-to-use diagnostic devices that could benefit patients around the world. As a chemical engineer, Hadley Sikes loves studying complex systems such as networks of chemical reactions. But in her work designing practical devices for diagnostics and other applications, she embraces simplicity.

Health - 16.05.2020
UK Government supports Covid-19 detection dogs trial
The UK Government has awarded a specialist team of researchers more than £500,000 to find out if specially-trained bio-detection dogs could be used as a new rapid testing measure for Covid-19. The initial stage of the research aims to determine whether the dogs are able to detect coronavirus in humans from odour samples.

Linguistics / Literature - 15.05.2020
My five steps to revision success
Discover some of the best strategies for successful revision in this article by English Literature student Evie Robinson, who shares her top tips for acing exam season here. It's that time of year again. Exam seasons can be super stressful - especially this one! - and it's very easy to feel overwhelmed but there are plenty of things you can do to make this mountain far easier to climb.

Environment - Life Sciences - 15.05.2020
Ocean 'breathability' key to past, future habitat of West Coast marine species
Ocean ’breathability’ key to past, future habitat of West Coast marine species
Marine life off the West Coast, from Mexico up through Canada, inhabit the California Current. The cool, nutrient-rich water supports life from invisible phytoplankton to the economically important salmon, rockfish and Dungeness crab to the majestic orcas. A new study led by the University of Washington finds that the animals' ability to breathe in that water may be key to where and when they thrive.

Earth Sciences - 15.05.2020
Monitoring glaciers with optical fibres
Monitoring glaciers with optical fibres
Seismic monitoring of glaciers is essential to improving our understanding of their development and to predicting risks. SNSF Professor Fabian Walter has come up with a new monitoring tool in the form of optical fibres. The fibres are capable of monitoring entire glaciers. Glaciers are constantly moving and they therefore need monitoring.

Health - 15.05.2020
Increased risk of heart disease, high blood pressure and type two diabetes later in life for child abuse survivors
People who have experienced maltreatment during childhood are significantly more likely to develop conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure and type two diabetes in adulthood, a new UK study has found. Childhood maltreatment, which includes any form of physical, sexual or emotional abuse or neglect experienced by those under the age of 18, is a prevalent global public health issue thought to affect 1 in 4 children in the UK and 1 in 3 globally.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.05.2020
Designing vaccines from artificial proteins
Designing vaccines from artificial proteins
EPFL scientists have developed a new computational approach to create artificial proteins, which showed promising results in vivo as functional vaccines. This approach opens the possibility to engineer safer and more effective vaccines. Vaccines are one of the most effective interventions to prevent the spreading of infectious diseases.

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