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Results 81 - 100 of 1569.


Astronomy / Space Science - Campus - 11.01.2022
Researchers study Milky Way’s ’feeding habits’ in search of clues about its origins
Astronomers are one step closer to revealing the properties of dark matter enveloping our Milky Way galaxy thanks to a new map of 12 streams of stars orbiting within our galactic halo. Understanding these star streams is very important for astronomers. As well as revealing the dark matter that holds the stars in their orbits, they also tell us about the formation history of the Milky Way, revealing that the galaxy has steadily grown over billions of years by shredding and consuming smaller stellar systems.

Health - 11.01.2022
Female patients operated on by male surgeons more likely to die, suffer complications: University of Toronto study
Female patients were more likely to die or experience complications after being operated on by a male - as opposed to a female - surgeon, according to a new study by researchers in the University of Toronto's Temerty Faculty of Medicine. The paper, recently published in JAMA Surgery , looked at 1.3 million adult patients in Ontario over a period of 12 years.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.01.2022
Simple screening for common lung disease could relieve millions globally
The global burden of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), a group of common lung conditions that affects more than 300* million people, could be significantly reduced with a simple health assessment, concludes a large-scale international study led by UCL researchers. COPD includes serious lung conditions, such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis, and is the world's third leading cause of morbidity with more than three million deaths a year.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 11.01.2022
Having kids at home may reduce pandemic depression
Kids have struggled throughout the pandemic-from attending school by Zoom video conferencing to quarantining from family and friends-but surprisingly having children at home may help adults feel less distressed. According to a new University of Michigan study, adults in households with children have fewer mental health problems than other adults living without kids.

Life Sciences - Environment - 11.01.2022
Concerns for animals tied to same habitats
Some wildlife are stuck in their ways. Like humans, wild animals often return to the same places to eat, walk on the same paths to travel and use the same places to raise their young. A team led by researchers at the University of Washington and the University of Wyoming has reviewed the scientific literature and found that, while this -consistent- behavior may be beneficial when environmental conditions don-t change very fast, those benefits may not be realized in the ever-changing world dominated by humans.

Social Sciences - Environment - 10.01.2022
Roles, responsibilities and capacities: Theorizing space, social practice, and the relational constitution of energy demand in and beyond Manchester
In a new journal article Dr Torik Holmes introduces a novel relational-space-inspired approach for exploring how cities become energy demanding sites over time. Urban energy transitions have increasingly formed a central topic of research over the past two decades. This is, in part, because 'modern urbanised societies are massively dependent on energy' - cities are understood to account for close to '75% of global carbon dioxide emissions and 75% of energy consumption'.

Life Sciences - Physics - 10.01.2022
Chemists use DNA to build the world's tiniest antenna
Chemists use DNA to build the world’s tiniest antenna
Developed at Université de Montréal, the easy-to-use device promises to help scientists better understand natural and human-designed nanotechnologies - and identify new drugs. Researchers at Université de Montréal have created a nanoantenna to monitor the motions of proteins. Reported this week , the device is a new method to monitor the structural change of proteins over time - and may go a long way to helping scientists better understand natural and human-designed nanotechnologies.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 10.01.2022
Study sheds new light on postgraduate researchers’ wellbeing
Postgraduate researchers at UK universities suffer from high rates of mental ill-health, with female, non-binary and LGBTQ+ communities faring particularly badly, new research suggests. The findings, published in the journal Current Psychology , are drawn from a survey of 479 postgraduate researchers (PGRs) working at 48 UK universities.

Paleontology - Life Sciences - 10.01.2022
Jurassic Giant - The Largest Marine Reptile Skeleton Ever Unearthed in Britain
Jurassic Giant - The Largest Marine Reptile Skeleton Ever Unearthed in Britain
The fossilised remains of Britain's largest ichthyosaur, colloquially known as a 'Sea Dragon', have been discovered at the Rutland Water Nature Reserve, owned and run by Anglian Water. It is the biggest and most complete skeleton of its kind found to date in the UK and is also thought to be the first ichthyosaur of its species found in the country.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.01.2022
Novel method to track precisely prostate cancer progression
In the fight against tumours, how the key driver mutations related to disease progression and metastatic spread regulate gene expression to promote ultimately tumor progression and cancer cell adaptation to therapies have remained largely elusive. Using the gene expression fingerprint of cancer cells, researchers at the Istitute of Oncology Research (IOR, affiliated to USI Università della Svizzera italiana) in Bellinzona have now developed a novel method to track precisely prostate cancer progression in an unprecedented manner.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 10.01.2022
Improved motor, sensory, and cognitive recovery after stroke
Improved motor, sensory, and cognitive recovery after stroke
Stroke survivors have improved recovery of hand and arm function with the help a new rehabilitation protocol thanks to finely tuned electrostimulation of target muscles in the arm. After lying for a while in a way that puts pressure on a nerve in your arm, it may happen that you no longer feel your arm anymore.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.01.2022
Reasons for rejecting the initiative to ban animal and human experimentation in Switzerland
On 13 February 2022, Swiss citizens will be asked to vote on a popular initiative calling for a complete ban on all animal and human experimentation in Switzerland. The initiative also calls for a ban, from 2024, on all new drugs and medical treatments that have been tested on animals or humans, anywhere in the world.

Computer Science - Physics - 10.01.2022
The next big computing revolution
Preparing for an online start to the winter term: for more information. Researcher Christine Muschik thinks outside the box with quantum computing innovations  Computing revolutions of the past few decades have already taken us from floppy discs to an era of almost instantaneous communication in an internet-connected world.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.01.2022
Machine learning and AI used to rapidly detect sepsis, cutting risk of death dramatically
Machine learning and AI used to rapidly detect sepsis, cutting risk of death dramatically
Science, Health & Technology Peter Meiszner A groundbreaking advance in quickly detecting sepsis using machine learning has been pioneered by researchers in the Hancock Lab and the department of microbiology and immunology at UBC. Sepsis is one of the biggest killers in the world, responsible for one in five deaths worldwide including those from severe COVID-19 disease, but it is difficult to detect early.

Chemistry - Environment - 10.01.2022
It all comes down to the first electron
It all comes down to the first electron
Every living thing requires energy. This is also true of microorganisms. This energy is frequently generated in the cells by respiration, that is by the combustion of organic compounds, in other words: food. During this process, electrons are released which the microorganisms then need to get rid of.

Life Sciences - Paleontology - 10.01.2022
Within a dinosaur's head: ankylosaur was sluggish and deaf
Within a dinosaur’s head: ankylosaur was sluggish and deaf
German and Austrian scientists took a closer look at the braincase of a dinosaur from Austria. The group examined the fossil with a micro-CT and found surprising new details: it was sluggish and deaf. The respective study got recently published in the scientific journal scientific reports. Ankylosaurs could grow up to eight meters in body length and represent a group of herbivorous dinosaurs, also called 'living fortresses': Their body was cluttered with bony plates and spikes.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.01.2022
AI offers a faster way to predict antibiotic resistance
AI offers a faster way to predict antibiotic resistance
Computer algorithms can determine antimicrobial resistance of pathogens faster than previous methods. This is the result of a study by researchers at the University of Basel, the University Hospital Basel and ETH Zurich. This could help treat serious infections more efficiently in the future - a major step forward in the battle against antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 10.01.2022
Most Luminous ’Cow’ to Shine in X-Rays
Another member of the new "Cow" class of supernova explosions has been discovered-the brightest one seen in X-rays to date. The new event, dubbed AT2020mrf, is only the fifth found so far belonging to the Cow class of supernovae. The group is named after the first supernova found in this class, AT2018cow, whose randomly generated name just happened to spell the word "cow." What lies behind these unusual stellar explosions? New evidence points to either active black holes or neutron stars.

Astronomy / Space Science - Campus - 10.01.2022
Black Hole Devours a Star Decades Ago, Goes Unnoticed Until Now
Every galaxy, including our own Milky Way, has at its center a massive black hole whose gravity influences the stars around it. Generally, the stars orbit around the black hole without incident, but sometimes a star will wander a little too close, and the black hole will "make a meal" of the star in a process astrophysicists have termed spaghettification.

Architecture - History / Archeology - 07.01.2022
Magnificent complexity of the Alhambra
Magnificent complexity of the Alhambra
Scientists have studied the unique features of the decorative vaulting known as muqarnas in Spain's Alhambra palace and fortress complex. Muqarnas are commonly found in Islamic architecture, yet they are poorly understood by the architectural community and the little data that exist on them have been simplified over time.