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Results 81 - 100 of 1569.

Environment - Innovation / Technology - 12.08.2019
Gauging trees' potential to slow global warming
Gauging trees’ potential to slow global warming
By analyzing decades of experiments, the researchers mapped the potential of carbon dioxide to increase forest biomass by the end of the century, when atmospheric concentrations of the gas could nearly double. This, in turn, will enable plants and trees to store more carbon. Like the eponymous character in Shel Silverstein's classic children's tale, trees are generous with their gifts, cleaning the air we breathe and slowing the ravages of global warming by absorbing about a quarter of all human-caused carbon dioxide emissions.

Pedagogy - 11.08.2019
Language and Learning Lab Helps Develop Researchers
In Erik Thiessen's Infant Language and Learning Lab , Carnegie Mellon University students are taking their first steps into research. The studies are simple and fun for the subjects. While babies sit on parents' laps, they watch a computer display and listen to words or tones. But for the researcher, the work is more intense as they watch the infants' eye movements and code the findings.

Social Sciences - 09.08.2019
Bone strength could be linked to when you reached puberty
Bone strength could be linked to when you reached puberty
A new study from the University of Bristol has linked bone strength to the timing of puberty. Published today (Friday 9 August) in JAMA Network Open researchers looked at six repeated bone scans from 6389 children in Bristol's Children of the 90s study between the ages of ten and 25 to assess if the timing of puberty had any influence on bone density throughout adolescence and into early adulthood.

Physics - Materials Science - 09.08.2019
Scientists can now control thermal profiles at the nanoscale
Scientists can now control thermal profiles at the nanoscale
At human scale, controlling temperature is a straightforward concept. Turtles sun themselves to keep warm. To cool a pie fresh from the oven, place it on a room-temperature countertop. At the nanoscale - at distances less than 1/100th the width of the thinnest human hair - controlling temperature is much more difficult.

Life Sciences - Health - 09.08.2019
Human microbiome churns out thousands of tiny novel proteins
The bacteria in our gut make thousands of tiny, previously unidentified proteins that could shed light on human health and advance drug development, Stanford researchers have found. Your body is a wonderland. A wonderland teeming with trillions of bacteria, that is. But it's not as horrifying as it might sound.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 09.08.2019
Artificial intelligence could yield more accurate breast cancer diagnoses
Researchers at University of Washington and University of California, Los Angeles, have developed an artificial intelligence system that could help pathologists read biopsies more accurately, and lead to better detection and diagnosis of breast cancer. The artificial intelligence system outperformed doctors in differentiating ductal carcinoma in situ (pictured) from atypia, one of the more challenging diagnoses in breast cancer cases.

Health - 09.08.2019
Artificial intelligence could yield more accurate breast cancer diagnoses
UCLA researchers have developed an artificial intelligence system that could help pathologists read biopsies more accurately and to better detect and diagnose breast cancer. The new system, described in a study published today in JAMA Network Open, helps interpret medical images used to diagnose breast cancer that can be difficult for the human eye to classify, and it does so nearly as accurately or better as experienced pathologists.

Computer Science / Telecom - 09.08.2019
An algorithm to detect outside influences on the media
An algorithm to detect outside influences on the media
EPFL researchers recently developed an algorithm that maps out the media landscape and reveals biases and hidden influences in the news industry. News consumers may not be aware that the way their local media outlet selects and presents news stories can be affected by the media group that owns it. At a time of rampant disinformation, it is just this sort of outside influence on the media that people should know about.

Life Sciences - Health - 09.08.2019
Researchers use CRISPR/Cas to repair two mutations of the cystic fibrosis gene
Biomedical scientists at KU Leuven and the University of Trento have used gene correction to fix two mutations that cause cystic fibrosis. The breakthrough involved a petri dish with 3D cell structures, or organoids, from cystic fibrosis patients. Cystic fibrosis is the most common genetic disorder in Belgium.

Sport - Computer Science / Telecom - 09.08.2019
Messi v Ronaldo: who’s the GOAT? Computer model may help to settle the debate
Researchers at KU Leuven and data intelligence company SciSports have developed a new algorithm to assess football players' on-the-ball actions. Their model goes beyond traditional player statistics like the number of goals and assists, offering a more complete assessment of a player's performance and contribution to his team.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.08.2019
Funding boosts cardiovascular research at Sydney
The use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to better understand, diagnose and treat heart conditions and new genetic testing approaches for inherited heart disease are just some of University of Sydney projects to receive funding from the NSW Government. Under the first round of the NSW Cardiovascular Disease Research Capacity Building Program almost $15 million has been awarded to 20 senior or clinical scientists, including numerous University of Sydney researchers.

Materials Science - Physics - 09.08.2019
Bending the rules: A revolutionary new way for metals to be malleable
For nearly 100 years, scientists thought they understood everything there was to know about how metals bend. They were wrong. Materials science and engineering researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have demonstrated that the rules of metal-bending aren't so hard and fast after all. They described their findings Aug.

Social Sciences - 09.08.2019
Children at risk of sexual exploitation need better support, report concludes
Children who are constantly moved around the social care system are more likely to be vulnerable to sexual exploitation, new research concludes. Dr Sophie Hallett of Cardiff University led the study, which used case records to track a cohort of 205 children involved with social services in one Welsh local authority.

Environment - Health - 08.08.2019
A better solution for fighting diarrhea
A better solution for fighting diarrhea
An automatic chlorine dispenser installed at shared community water points reduces rates of diarrhea in children. The researchers hope the technique can improve uptake by providing good-tasting water and avoiding the need for behavior change. It kills a child under age 5 every minute on average. Diarrheal disease, the second leading cause of death for children globally, could become even more difficult to control as poor urban areas with limited clean water access expand.

Chemistry - Environment - 08.08.2019
Argonne receives go-ahead for $815 million upgrade to X-ray facility
For the past quarter-century, the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory has helped scientists and engineers make groundbreaking discoveries-providing extremely bright X-rays to investigate everything from dinosaur bones and lunar rocks to materials for new solar panels and new pharmaceutical drugs.

Microtechnics - 08.08.2019
The world's smallest stent
The world’s smallest stent
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a new method for producing malleable microstructures ' for instance, vascular stents that are 40 times smaller than previously possible. In the future, such stents could be used to help to widen life-threatening constrictions of the urinary tract in foetuses in the womb.

Social Sciences - Business / Economics - 08.08.2019
Shows gun shops can aid in preventing suicides
Shows gun shops can aid in preventing suicides
Firearm retailers around Washington state are willing to learn about suicide prevention and to train their employees in how to spot and act on suicide warning signs, a new University of Washington study finds.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 08.08.2019
Scientists uncover deep-rooted plumbing system beneath ocean volcanoes
Cardiff University scientists have revealed the true extent of the internal ‘plumbing system' that drives volcanic activity around the world. An examination of pockets of magma contained within crystals has revealed that the large chambers of molten rock which feed volcanoes can extend to over 16 km beneath the Earth's surface.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.08.2019
Inflammatory disease and animal research expert shares insights in Reddit AMA
Inflammatory disease and animal research expert shares insights in Reddit AMA
In a live Reddit 'Ask Me Anything', Dr Laurence Bugeon shared insights into how inflammation is mediated by bad lifestyle habits. In the latest of a series of animal research Ask Me Anything (AMA) sessions Dr Bugeon and PhD student Madina Wane held the Reddit Q&A on Wednesday 31 July interview on the social media channel's IAmA subreddit to talk about how zebrafish as animal models are revolutionising their field.

Health - 08.08.2019
UW study: Major surgery is associated with minor cognitive decline
A new study by researchers at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and  Public Health has revealed that major surgery is associated with only a minor decline in cognitive ability. The decline was akin to about five months of aging, according to research led by Dr. Robert Sanders,  assistant professor of anesthesiology, and conducted by Dr. Bryan Krause, assistant scientist in  anesthesiology.

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