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Results 81 - 100 of 1847.

Politics - 23.06.2022
Far-right parties find favor where immigrants, citizens vie for same public housing in Europe
In Europe, far-right parties have emerged as the most vocal defenders of restricting welfare benefits to citizens only. Study: How Distributional Conflict over In-Kind Benefits Generates Support for Far-Right Parties Why do voters find such a policy platform attractive? A new study examines the role played by competition between natives and immigrants over access to social benefits.

Life Sciences - Environment - 22.06.2022
Research with a bite
Research with a bite
Scientists at the University of Bonn present a sensor system that can measure the bite force of insects How hard can insects bite? Having a strong chewing apparatus makes it easier to crush harder food and to succeed in fights with enemies. Biologists at the University of Bonn now present a mobile system (forceX) for measuring the bite forces of small animals, along with the software forceR to evaluate the data.

Health - Environment - 22.06.2022
Even at Low Doses, Exposure to the Endocrine Disruptor DEHP Impairs Tooth Development
Even at Low Doses, Exposure to the Endocrine Disruptor DEHP Impairs Tooth Development
Some endocrine disruptors have already been associated with an impaired quality of tooth enamel. After demonstrating the harmful effects of bisphenol A on tooth development, a team of researchers from Inserm, Université Paris Cité and Sorbonne Université, at the Cordeliers Research Center in Paris, in collaboration with CNRS went on to look at the effects of DEHP, an endocrine disruptor in the phthalate family, on dental development.

History / Archeology - 22.06.2022
Britains earliest humans
Britains earliest humans
Homo heidelbergensis may have occupied southern Britain between 560,000 and 620,000 years ago Archaeological discoveries made on the outskirts of Canterbury, Kent (England) confirm the presence of early humans in southern Britain between 560,000 and 620,000 years ago. The breakthrough, involving controlled excavations and radiometric dating, comes a century after stone tool artefacts were first uncovered at the site.

Health - 22.06.2022
UCLA surgeons develop new technique to reduce Adam's apple without neck scar
UCLA surgeons develop new technique to reduce Adam’s apple without neck scar
Doctors at the UCLA Gender Health Program have developed a technique to reduce an Adam's apple bump without leaving a scar on the patient's neck. The advance could be an important and welcome one for transgender women and nonbinary people, for whom a neck scar can be a telltale sign of their surgery — often exposing them to discrimination, hate and violence.

Life Sciences - Health - 22.06.2022
Deletion of 'Wt1' gene produces alterations in the reproductive organs of mice
Deletion of ’Wt1’ gene produces alterations in the reproductive organs of mice
The deletion of the Wt1 gene during the early stages of the embryonic reproductive organ formation leads to differences in sex development in adult mice, according to an article published in the journal PLOS Genetics and led by the lecturer Ofelia Martínez-Estrada, from the Faculty of Biology and the Biomedicine Research Institute ( IRBio ) of the UB.

Materials Science - Environment - 22.06.2022
New research partnership to address corrosion under insulation
PETRONAS Research Sdn Bhd (PRSB) and Curtin University have entered into a research partnership to jointly address one of the costliest forms of corrosion in the oil, gas and petrochemical industries. In line with both parties' sustainability goals, the collaboration strives to discover innovative solutions for corrosion mitigation to reduce carbon footprint and operational expenditure.

Pharmacology - Health - 22.06.2022
Mugwort allergy: MedUni Vienna study creates basis for vaccine
A research team at MedUni Vienna has discovered key mechanisms of allergy to pollen from the common weed mugwort, thereby also laying the foundation for the development of the world's first vaccine. Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) poses a serious problem for allergic individuals in our latitudes from July through to September.

Architecture - History / Archeology - 22.06.2022
Renovating 19th-century buildings without losing their character
Renovating 19th-century buildings without losing their character
Researcher and architect Catarina Wall Gago has published a guide to renovation best practices, drawing on a study of historic housing in Lisbon, Oporto and Geneva.

Electroengineering - Physics - 22.06.2022
New Ultrathin Capacitor Could Enable Energy-Efficient Microchips
Scientists turn century-old material into a thin film for next-gen memory and logic devices Electron microscope images show the precise atom-by-atom structure of a barium titanate (BaTiO3) thin film sandwiched between layers of strontium ruthenate (SrRuO3) metal to make a tiny capacitor. (Credit: Lane Martin/Berkeley Lab) - By Rachel Berkowitz The silicon-based computer chips that power our modern devices require vast amounts of energy to operate.

Criminology / Forensics - 22.06.2022
'Essay Mills' Pose Serious Risk to Scottish Universities
’Essay Mills’ Pose Serious Risk to Scottish Universities
Vulnerable students are turning to online 'essay mills' to purchase written work that they then pass off as their own, threatening academic integrity and exploitation, a new study has found. Researchers based at the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research found hundreds of examples of online adverts targeting students in what is known as 'contract cheating'.

Health - 22.06.2022
No ’safest spot’ to minimise risk of COVID-19 transmission on trains
Researchers have demonstrated how airborne diseases such as COVID-19 spread along the length of a train carriage and found that there is no -safest spot- for passengers to minimise the risk of transmission.

Environment - Life Sciences - 22.06.2022
Researchers and Indigenous students learn about Grand River
Six Nations Polytechnic partners with McMaster University and the University of Waterloo to explore STEM field work in the Grand River By Staff On June 15, grade nine students from Six Nations Polytechnic (SNP) and the STEAM Academy program donned their waders to join researchers Charles de Lannoy , Karen Kidd and Waterloo Biology Professor Mark Servos to conduct experiments in the Grand River.

Physics - Life Sciences - 22.06.2022
Microscopy technique enables 3D super-resolution nanometre-scale imaging
Microscopy technique enables 3D super-resolution nanometre-scale imaging
Research team led by Göttingen University combine two techniques to achieve isotropic super -resolution imaging Over the last two decades, microscopy has seen unprecedented advances in speed and resolution. However, cellular structures are essentially three-dimensional, and conventional super-resolution techniques often lack the necessary resolution in all three directions to capture details at a nanometer scale.

Life Sciences - Environment - 22.06.2022
Tapping the ocean as a source of natural products
Tapping the ocean as a source of natural products
Using DNA data, researchers from ETH and Eawag have examined seawater to find not only new species of bacteria, but also previously unknown natural products that may one day prove beneficial as they report today. The oceans are teeming with countless forms of life, from the world's largest creature - the blue whale - to miniscule microorganisms.

Religions - 22.06.2022
Tibetan parents send sons to be monks to help family thrive
Tibetan parents send sons to be monks to help family thrive
In Tibetan populations, parental decisions to make a son a Buddhist monk were guided by reproductive and economic considerations - not just by religious tradition - according to a new study led by UCL researchers. Published today in Proceedings of the Royal Society B , anthropologists at UCL, in collaboration with researchers from Lanzhou University, China, explored lifelong religious celibacy in Tibetan monks in Western China.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 22.06.2022
Tweeting a Help Wanted Sign
CMU research shows Twitter drives popularity, contributors to open-source software Want to be popular with lots of friends? Get out there and tweet. That advice holds true for open-source software projects as well, according to a new study from researchers in the Carnegie Mellon University School of Computer Science.

Computer Science - 22.06.2022
Pour Me a Glass
CMU researchers use AI to teach robots to see water A horse, a zebra and artificial intelligence helped a team of Carnegie Mellon researchers teach a robot to recognize water and pour it into a glass. Water presents a tricky challenge for robots because it is clear. Robots have learned how to pour water before, but previous techniques like heating the water and using a thermal camera or placing the glass in front of a checkerboard background don't transition well to everyday life.

Politics - 22.06.2022
In today’s political conflicts, a heart-to-heart talk goes only so far
With the nation bitterly divided over a range of issues, new research co-authored at UC Berkeley finds that easing polarization through brief, cross-partisan dialogue is enormously difficult. (AP photo by Jacquelyn Martin) The premise is simple, and it seems like common sense: If Republicans and Democrats could come together for good faith dialogue, the conversations would reduce tensions and ease the corrosive polarization that threatens U.S. democracy.

Health - 22.06.2022
Increasing public health measures could have helped prevent thousands of COVID-19 deaths in India
Strengthening public health measures at the sign of resurgence of SARS-CoV-2 in India in early 2021 would have helped control transmission in the country and reduced mortality by at least 40% during the second wave even without harsh lockdowns, according to a new University of Michigan study. Study: Lessons from SARS-CoV-2 in India: A data-driven framework for pandemic resilience The research, published in Science Advances, provides data-driven frameworks for future pandemic response in India, the second most populous in the world.