Results 1 - 20 of 20.

Criminology / Forensics - 17.01.2022
Spyware investigations involving University of Toronto’s Citizen Lab reveal targets in El Salvador, Poland: Reports
A joint investigation by the University of Toronto's Citizen Lab and Access Now reveals that dozens of journalists and activists in El Salvador had their cellphones allegedly hacked by Israeli firm NSO Group's Pegasus spyware.  John Scott-Railton The investigation, which identified 35 individuals whose phones were successfully infected with the sophisticated spyware normally used to target criminals, was reported on by the Associated Press , Reuters , the Guardian and other media outlets.

Criminology / Forensics - 07.12.2021
Bogged down by data, police services need process rethink: study
Fighting and preventing crimes may not be the only activity in a typical day in the life of a police officer in Canada; it's also filing paperwork, tons of paperwork. Western professor Laura Huey and researchers at the department of sociology examined how police services' managerial and data collection practices - intended to provide transparency and accountability - often lead to inefficiencies, including increased paperwork, higher staffing costs and poor-quality crime statistics.

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 30.11.2021
Child's gender influences crime rates in young fathers and their peers
Child’s gender influences crime rates in young fathers and their peers
The gender of a young father's firstborn child affects the likelihood of both him and his friends committing crime, a UCL-led study has found. For the first time, researchers established that young fathers who have a firstborn son rather than a daughter are convicted of fewer crimes in subsequent years, and crucially that this reduction also leads to a drop in criminal convictions among peers living in the same neighbourhood.

Criminology / Forensics - Psychology - 03.11.2021
One and Done: Researchers Urge Testing Eyewitness Memory Only Once
To prevent wrongful convictions, only the first identification of a suspect should be considered We all know the scene from countless courtroom dramas: A witness points at the defendant and confidently declares to judge and jury: "That's the one, that's who did it!" But is it? Perhaps. If that same witness was also confident the very first time their memory was tested - write a team of psychological scientists and criminologists led by memory expert John Wixted of the University of California San Diego.

Criminology / Forensics - History / Archeology - 06.10.2021
New approach to skeletal age-estimation can help identify juvenile remains
New approach to skeletal age-estimation can help identify juvenile remains
New research by SFU archaeologists could help forensic teams in their work to estimate the age of the remains of children discovered during archaeological work or in criminal investigative cases. Their study is published in the journal Forensic Science International . While age is typically determined by dental records or other methods, such as measuring the long bones in the upper or lower limbs, those methods may not always be possible, especially in the case of young children.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 15.09.2021
New Study to Look at South Asian Women’s Experiences of Domestic Abuse and Viable Pathways to Justice
Researchers based at the University of Glasgow have launched a new study which will look at how South Asian women in Scotland get help for domestic abuse, and their experiences of the criminal justice system. The study will fill a vital gap in our understanding of how race, culture, social, education and community factors play into victim/survivors' decision-making on which services to access and when, as well as their perceptions of justice, and the justice system.

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 20.08.2021
Body cams alone not enough to prevent police violence
Body cams alone not enough to prevent police violence
Experts are calling for broader police reforms after new analysis from The Australian National University (ANU) and the University of Waterloo in Canada raised serious questions about the effectiveness of body-worn cameras (BWCs) at preventing police wrongdoing.  The international team of experts analysed studies that captured the impact of BWCs on police violence around the world.

Criminology / Forensics - 09.07.2021
Interactive police line-ups improve eyewitness accuracy - study
Interactive police line-ups improve eyewitness accuracy - study
Eyewitnesses can identify perpetrators more accurately when they are able to manipulate 3D images of suspects, according to a new study. A team of researchers in the University of Birmingham's School of Psychology developed and tested new interactive lineup software which enables witnesses to rotate and view lineup faces from different angles.

Criminology / Forensics - 26.05.2021
To improve emergency services' response to terrorist incidents
To improve emergency services’ response to terrorist incidents
Over-reliance on Police, and centralised communication and decision making are lessons to learn in wake of Manchester Arena bombing Last updated on Wednesday 26 May 2021 The Manchester Arena terrorist bomb attack in 2017 exposed flaws in the response of emergency services that could be addressed with a new three-phase approach, research by the University of Bath School of Management shows.

Criminology / Forensics - Politics - 04.05.2021
Security and violent crime cannot be an argument against humane refugee policies - new study
New research from international academics challenges a myth that progressive policies towards asylum seekers pose a threat to domestic security. Last updated on Tuesday 4 May 2021 Ahead of US President Joe Biden's plan later this month to lift the country's historically low cap on asylum seekers, a new political study finds that liberal, progressive refugee policies do not pose domestic security challenges for states.

Life Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 23.02.2021
No Certainty on Origin of Human Remains Found on Campus
Freie Universität Berlin, Max Planck Society, and Berlin State Monuments Office present the findings of their investigation into human remains found on Freie Universität land No 033/2021 from Feb 23, 2021 At an official public information event, experts from Freie Universität Berlin, the Max Planck Society, and the Berlin State Monuments Office ( Landesdenkmalamt Berlin ) presented the findings of their investigation into human remains found on the grounds of Freie Universität Berlin in recent years.

Criminology / Forensics - 16.02.2021
Counterintuitive approach may improve eyewitness identification
Experts have devised a novel approach to selecting photos for police line-ups that helps witnesses identify culprits more reliably. In a paper published by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , researchers - from the University of California San Diego and Duke University in the United States and the University of Birmingham in the U.K. show for the first time that selecting fillers who match a basic description of the suspect but whose faces are less similar, rather than more, leads to better outcomes than traditional approaches in the field.

Criminology / Forensics - Administration - 22.12.2020
Stress Levels of Police Officers on Patrols
Stress Levels of Police Officers on Patrols
In the first few months of the corona pandemic, street patrol officers responded to new demands with a "medium stress level" although the individual experience of strain varied greatly. For example, factors leading to a high stress level were little work experience in the police force or feeling unprepared.

Criminology / Forensics - Administration - 07.12.2020
Seizing military weapons does not increase violent crime nor risk police safety
More local law enforcement agencies are using military equipment, such as tear gas, armored vehicles and rubber bullets, to handle social justice protests-calling into question police militarization. But if police no longer used weapons and tactics previously connected to the military, there is little evidence that this would impact violent crime or officer safety, according to a new University of Michigan study.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 03.12.2020
How a police contact by middle school leads to different outcomes for Black, white youth
For Black youth, an encounter with police by eighth grade predicts they will be arrested by young adulthood - but the same is not true for white youth, a new University of Washington study finds. Black young adults are 11 times more likely to be arrested by age 20 if they had an initial encounter with law enforcement in their early teens than Black youth who don't have that first contact.

Criminology / Forensics - 19.11.2020
The "most significant" inquiry of our times
The report on the alleged war crimes by special operation members of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) in Afghanistan is the most significant modern inquiry, an ANU international law expert says.     The report, which was released today, relates to alleged breaches of the Law of Armed Conflict by members of the Special Operations Task Group in Afghanistan during the period 2005 to 2016.

Criminology / Forensics - 05.08.2020
If the Shoe Fits: CSAFE Study Improves Shoe Print Forensics
A new model improves how uncertainty is calculated when matching shoe print evidence, strengthening the validity of this forensics technique Detectives in a fictional TV series investigate a crime scene. They call over to the forensic tech to take shoe imprints. This will be the evidence that could crack the case.

Criminology / Forensics - 16.07.2020
Uncovering crime patterns using location data
The way people move around in cities gives us clues as to when many crimes are committed and in which hotspots, as ETH researchers have demonstrated using anonymised data from  location technology plattforms. When and where does crime arise in cities? To answer this question, criminologists have previously relied on rather static models.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 14.07.2020
Black women often ignored by social justice movements
Share on: Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Antiracist and feminist movements often fail to advocate for the rights of Black women, who are less likely than white women to be regarded as a "typical woman” and viewed much the same as Black men, according to new University of Michigan study.

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 08.05.2020
Sadistic sexual murders involving child victims: insights for police
Sadistic sexual murders involving child victims: insights for police
Researchers supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation analysed how sadistic sexual murderers assaulting child victims commit their crimes and discovered a number of specific patterns. A better understanding of these crimes may help police in their investigations. Sexual homicides involving children are often highly publicised.