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Criminology / Forensics - 22.06.2022
'Essay Mills' Pose Serious Risk to Scottish Universities
’Essay Mills’ Pose Serious Risk to Scottish Universities
Vulnerable students are turning to online 'essay mills' to purchase written work that they then pass off as their own, threatening academic integrity and exploitation, a new study has found. Researchers based at the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research found hundreds of examples of online adverts targeting students in what is known as 'contract cheating'.

Criminology / Forensics - 20.04.2022
'Threatening' faces and beefy bodies do not bias criminal suspect identification
’Threatening’ faces and beefy bodies do not bias criminal suspect identification
Research shows that there is no bias toward selecting people with muscular bodies or facial characteristics perceived as threatening when identifying criminal suspects in line-ups.

Criminology / Forensics - Health - 30.03.2022
Street lighting may enable rather than hinder street crime
Street lighting may enable rather than hinder street crime
Fewer cars are broken into at night on roads with part-night lighting (PNL), where street lights are switched off between midnight and 5am, finds researchers from UCL and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. The rate of thefts from cars at night was halved on roads with PNL, compared to the same roads before PNL was introduced.

Life Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 14.02.2022
DNA testing exposes tactics of international criminal networks trafficking elephant ivory
A team led by scientists at the University of Washington and special agents with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security has used genetic testing of ivory shipments seized by law enforcement to uncover the international criminal networks behind ivory trafficking out of Africa. The genetic connections across shipments that they-ve uncovered exposes an even higher degree of organization among ivory smuggling networks than previously known.

Psychology - Criminology / Forensics - 07.02.2022
Do emotions impact decisions on punishment in the context of crime?
Anger is a key emotion in understanding public opinion towards crime and punishment: it is frequently mobilized in public discourse and is elicited by specific incidents. But what role do emotions play in questions of punishment for crime? In a new article published in Psychology, Crime & Law , a research team from McGill University, Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS) and the University of Ottawa, were able to quantify for

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 04.02.2022
Resistance to ’defund’ or ’abolish’ the police rooted in policy proposals
Despite broad support in the United States for reshaping policing, movements to "defund" or "abolish" police departments generate strong public opposition. The resistance is largely due to discomfort with the movements' policy goals, not their slogans or negative beliefs about the activists associated with them, according to a new study co-authored by Yale political scientist Gregory A. Huber.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 26.01.2022
Understanding Who Commits Which Crimes
Why do some young men turn to crime, while others don-t? An international study shows that preferences such as risk tolerance, impatience and altruism as well as self-control can predict who will commit crime. Risk-tolerant, impatient young men are more likely to commit property crime, while people with low self-control tend to commit violent, drug and sexual offenses.

Criminology / Forensics - 17.01.2022
Spyware investigations involving University of Toronto’s Citizen Lab reveal targets in El Salvador, Poland: Reports
A joint investigation by the University of Toronto's Citizen Lab and Access Now reveals that dozens of journalists and activists in El Salvador had their cellphones allegedly hacked by Israeli firm NSO Group's Pegasus spyware. John Scott-Railton The investigation, which identified 35 individuals whose phones were successfully infected with the sophisticated spyware normally used to target criminals, was reported on by the Associated Press , Reuters , the Guardian and other media outlets.

Criminology / Forensics - 07.12.2021
Bogged down by data, police services need process rethink: study
Fighting and preventing crimes may not be the only activity in a typical day in the life of a police officer in Canada; it's also filing paperwork, tons of paperwork. Western professor Laura Huey and researchers at the department of sociology examined how police services' managerial and data collection practices - intended to provide transparency and accountability - often lead to inefficiencies, including increased paperwork, higher staffing costs and poor-quality crime statistics.

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 30.11.2021
Child's gender influences crime rates in young fathers and their peers
Child’s gender influences crime rates in young fathers and their peers
The gender of a young father's firstborn child affects the likelihood of both him and his friends committing crime, a UCL-led study has found. For the first time, researchers established that young fathers who have a firstborn son rather than a daughter are convicted of fewer crimes in subsequent years, and crucially that this reduction also leads to a drop in criminal convictions among peers living in the same neighbourhood.

Criminology / Forensics - Psychology - 03.11.2021
One and Done: Researchers Urge Testing Eyewitness Memory Only Once
To prevent wrongful convictions, only the first identification of a suspect should be considered We all know the scene from countless courtroom dramas: A witness points at the defendant and confidently declares to judge and jury: "That's the one, that's who did it!" But is it? Perhaps. If that same witness was also confident the very first time their memory was tested - write a team of psychological scientists and criminologists led by memory expert John Wixted of the University of California San Diego.

Criminology / Forensics - History / Archeology - 06.10.2021
New approach to skeletal age-estimation can help identify juvenile remains
New approach to skeletal age-estimation can help identify juvenile remains
New research by SFU archaeologists could help forensic teams in their work to estimate the age of the remains of children discovered during archaeological work or in criminal investigative cases. Their study is published in the journal Forensic Science International . While age is typically determined by dental records or other methods, such as measuring the long bones in the upper or lower limbs, those methods may not always be possible, especially in the case of young children.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 15.09.2021
New Study to Look at South Asian Women’s Experiences of Domestic Abuse and Viable Pathways to Justice
Researchers based at the University of Glasgow have launched a new study which will look at how South Asian women in Scotland get help for domestic abuse, and their experiences of the criminal justice system. The study will fill a vital gap in our understanding of how race, culture, social, education and community factors play into victim/survivors' decision-making on which services to access and when, as well as their perceptions of justice, and the justice system.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 14.09.2021
Risk exposure explaining age differences in risk-taking
Laboratory and real world observations of risk-taking behaviour among children and adolescents show conflicting results. In the real world adolescents take more risks than children, but in lab settings they engage in equal levels of risks. Ivy Defoe is developing a new psychological model that can explain these differences.

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 20.08.2021
Body cams alone not enough to prevent police violence
Body cams alone not enough to prevent police violence
Experts are calling for broader police reforms after new analysis from The Australian National University (ANU) and the University of Waterloo in Canada raised serious questions about the effectiveness of body-worn cameras (BWCs) at preventing police wrongdoing. The international team of experts analysed studies that captured the impact of BWCs on police violence around the world.

Criminology / Forensics - 09.07.2021
Interactive police line-ups improve eyewitness accuracy - study
Interactive police line-ups improve eyewitness accuracy - study
Eyewitnesses can identify perpetrators more accurately when they are able to manipulate 3D images of suspects, according to a new study. A team of researchers in the University of Birmingham's School of Psychology developed and tested new interactive lineup software which enables witnesses to rotate and view lineup faces from different angles.

Criminology / Forensics - 26.05.2021
To improve emergency services' response to terrorist incidents
To improve emergency services’ response to terrorist incidents
Over-reliance on Police, and centralised communication and decision making are lessons to learn in wake of Manchester Arena bombing Last updated on Wednesday 26 May 2021 The Manchester Arena terrorist bomb attack in 2017 exposed flaws in the response of emergency services that could be addressed with a new three-phase approach, research by the University of Bath School of Management shows.

Criminology / Forensics - Politics - 04.05.2021
Security and violent crime cannot be an argument against humane refugee policies - new study
New research from international academics challenges a myth that progressive policies towards asylum seekers pose a threat to domestic security. Last updated on Tuesday 4 May 2021 Ahead of US President Joe Biden's plan later this month to lift the country's historically low cap on asylum seekers, a new political study finds that liberal, progressive refugee policies do not pose domestic security challenges for states.

Computer Science - Criminology / Forensics - 07.04.2021
Tackling multimedia data with AI techniques
Tackling multimedia data with AI techniques
Multimedia Analytics Lab Amsterdam (MultiX). A new research group at the Informatics Institute. April 2021 Marcel Worring, chair of the group: 'Our group brings multimedia research together in a unique way in the Netherlands and beyond.' Multimedia Analytics Lab Amsterdam (MultiX) is a research group within the Informatics Institute at the University of Amsterdam.

Life Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 23.02.2021
No Certainty on Origin of Human Remains Found on Campus
Freie Universität Berlin, Max Planck Society, and Berlin State Monuments Office present the findings of their investigation into human remains found on Freie Universität land No 033/2021 from Feb 23, 2021 At an official public information event, experts from Freie Universität Berlin, the Max Planck Society, and the Berlin State Monuments Office ( Landesdenkmalamt Berlin ) presented the findings of their investigation into human remains found on the grounds of Freie Universität Berlin in recent years.